I've recently been learning about the Rasch model. Previously I've used various kinds of generalized regression, including linear as well as logistic and "vanilla" fixed-effects models as well as models with random effects.
What I still haven't been able to understand from my reading is what distinguishes the Rasch model from an ordinary mixed-effects logistic regression which includes random effects for person and item, and includes no fixed effects. The mathematical formulation for the two appears to be essentially the same, except the parameters in the exponent in the logistic function are shuffled and relabeled. Almost all the stuff I've read about the Rasch model spends a lot of time talking about its conceptual underpinnings and its applications in test design, and very little time talking about its technical details and how they are the same as or different from other statistical techniques.
So, what is the difference? If I have a table of results like this:
Person Item Result A 1 Right A 2 Wrong ... B 1 Wrong B 2 Right ...etc.
What is the actual difference between feeding this data to a Rasch model, versus feeding it to a mixed-effects logistic regression and interpreting the random effect weights as "person ability" and "item difficulty"?