My professor asked my class to 'qualitatively' analyze the two scenarios with the assumption that there is no previous knowledge held in the concept of covariance (as we have not covered that chapter yet): For two dependent random variables X and Y,
1.) Var(X+Y) > Var(X) + Var(Y) 2.) Var(X+Y) < Var(X) + Var(Y)
I know that if two random variables are positively correlated then the variance of their sums will grow faster than the sum of their respective variances. However, when I stated this to my professor, she said "forget about correlation." So my question is, what can we say about the above inequalities while assuming no knowledge of covariance and correlation? I am unsure how to approach this question 'qualitatively' Any help would be appreciated.