I did a survey and 4-point likert scale and most of survey participants responded “Agree” or “Strongly Agree” and that made low variability in the summated scale scores,

what can I write for the reasons of low variability??

  • 3
    $\begingroup$ Low variability means that most participants agree on a score. What other explanation would you need and what for? It could be that your questions were flawed. A lot of surveys have flawed questions. $\endgroup$
    – mroman
    Nov 11, 2018 at 20:09

1 Answer 1


You can write just what you already said: "Most people marked agree or strongly agree".

What else you should write depends on the purpose of the survey. For instance, if this was a survey of hotel guests and your questions were about general satisfaction, then a lot of "agree" and "strongly agree" is just what you want - it's a good thing.

On the other hand, if you are surveying attitudes about some controversial issue and you want a wider range of answers, then you will have to reword your questions next time to be "harder" - that is, less likely to get "agree" answers.


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