In this PyTorch tutorial the backprop to compute gradients is shown with the following code:

# Backprop to compute gradients of w1 and w2 with respect to loss
    grad_y_pred = 2.0 * (y_pred - y)
    grad_w2 = h_relu.T.dot(grad_y_pred)
    grad_h_relu = grad_y_pred.dot(w2.T)
    grad_h = grad_h_relu.copy()
    grad_h[h < 0] = 0
    grad_w1 = x.T.dot(grad_h)

I don't understand the gradient calculation in the above snippet. Can anyone provide a comment on this? E.g. why do we multiple by 2 to get the grad_y_pred?


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