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I'm working on a project in which i'm trying to do a pollution forecasting. I googled around and found that LSTM is a good candidate for this task, however, I'm still struggling at how to adapt it to my particular problem.

My problem is as follows :

Features :

  • 109 measurement stations (in the same region) :

    • description (ex : typology, coordinates ...)
  • 5 years of hourly data for each measurement stations :

    • weather data (ex : temperature, pressure, humidity, precipitation ...)
    • preliminary prediction of the target variables

Target :

Hourly measurements of 4 pollutants (O3, NO2, PM10, PM25) for each site

Goal :

Predict the daily value of each pollutant for each measurement site for the next 3 days

My Questions :

Q1. Multi-Site : Is it a good idea to build a different model for each measurement site ? thus, ending up with 109 models and not taking advantage of the fact that close stations tend to have close measurements.

Q2. Multivariate : Should I build a NN for each pollutant ? or just one NN that outputs a vector of 4 ?

Q3. Multi-step : How do you adapt the LSTM to output the prediction the next 3 days ?

Q4. : Do I need to precise a time window ? I've read that LSTMs learn the timewindow by itself

Q5. : Is it better to transform the data by calculating the daily average then make a daily prediction OR make the hourly prediction then calculate the average ?

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closed as too broad by Peter Flom Dec 9 '18 at 11:53

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