Based on the clarified comments, it is my understanding that:
- You have a population of people who used Product A. There are 1,000 of these people. You are interested in making inferences about these people from Q10 on your survey.
- You began surveying every person who purchased Product A immediately after their purchase. This began happening after 700 people had already purchased Product A, so only 300 people actually had a chance to respond to the survey.
- Of those 300, only 200 actually responded to the final question of the survey - the question of interest.
There are a few issues here. First and foremost, is that, since 700 people never had any chance of being surveyed, you cannot generalize your findings to these people without making what I think is a strong assumption: that these people are essentially identical in important ways to those people who were invited to complete the survey. You might not think that these people are different in any way, but one might reasonably argue that system processes or product improvements resulted in later Product A users giving higher ratings to the product or answering differently (you never told us what the question was). But since the first 700 users might have had a less enjoyable experience with Product A, but were not allowed to participate in the survey, it would not be "fair" to generalize the findings from the most recent 300 people to the first 700 people.
Next, you are not even doing any sampling. You are surveying every single individual. Since there is no sampling, there is no sampling error and hence, no margin of error. There is only potential non-response (the 100 people who haven't responded) bias. If you can assume the responses are missing completely at random, then you can simply weight your data to match the known population totals. For example, Let's say of the 200 people who actually completed the survey, 100 said "Yes" to Q10. If you are interested in approximately how many people would have said answered "Yes" out of the 300 people who should have completed Q10, then, by the simplest method (there are other more elaborate methods, but this is probably sufficient for your needs), you can simply calculate:
So you would expect, 50 of the non-respondents would have answered "Yes" and along with the 100 who did say "Yes", you would expect "150" in total would have said "Yes."
Lastly, you should be careful about describing your population of interest if a person can purchase Product A multiple times. Presumably, a person purchasing Product A will be offered a survey at the end of each purchase. If this is the case, then you should not be talking about people, but about purchases in terms of your population, without making adjustments for the possibility of multiple purchases.