# Proof for “The sum of the observed values $Y_i$ equals the sum of the estimated / fitted values $\hat Y_i$”

I needed some help trying to understand why the sum of the observed values $$Y_i$$ equals the sum of the estimated values $$\hat{Y}_i$$.

Minimizing the sum of squared residuals $$S=\sum_{r=1}^{n}(y_{r}-a-b x_{r})^{2}$$ w.r.t. $$a$$ and $$b$$ gives the "normal equations" (first order conditions) $$\sum_{r=1}^{n}y_{r}=na+b\sum_{r=1}^{n}x_{r}\quad\text{and}\quad\sum_{r=1}^{n}y_{r}x_{r}=a\sum_{r=1}^{n}x_{r}+b\sum_{r=1}^{n}x_{r}^{2}.$$ The fitted values are $$\hat{y}_{r}=a+bx_{r}$$, with residuals $$\hat{u}_{r}=y_{r}-(a+bx_{r})$$ Consider $$\sum_{r=1}^{n}\hat{u}_{r}=\sum_{r=1}^{n}y_{r}-\sum_{r=1}^{n}\hat{y}_{r}=\sum_{r=1}^{n}y_{r}-\sum_{r=1}^{n}(a+bx_{r})=\sum_{r=1}^{n}y_{r}-na-b\sum_{r=1}^{n}x_{r}.$$ Now, substitute $$\sum_{r=1}^{n}y_{r}$$ for the first normal equation.