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I have 2 species of wildflowers. Using scanning electron microscopy. I took images of the petal surface. On the petal surface I measured the height and width of individual cells. I have 1 to 3 individuals per species. I want to compare these measurements between species Are the measurements of cells independent or do I need to use a statistical test to account for the lack of independence? If so, what tests should I consider?

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  • $\begingroup$ What is the goal of the analysis? Are you interested in determining if they are different, or is this purely exploratory? $\endgroup$ – Demetri Pananos Feb 10 '19 at 0:01
  • $\begingroup$ I observed that there are sometimes conical cells on the surface of the petals. I wanted to see if there was any significant differences between the height of the cells between two closely related plant species. $\endgroup$ – StatsNPlants Feb 10 '19 at 0:51
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    $\begingroup$ There is very likely correlation within an individual plant. Try a mixed effects model, where the random effect is the individual and the fixed effect is species. Can you post some a little data to help us cement the problem in our minds? $\endgroup$ – Demetri Pananos Feb 10 '19 at 1:40
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Depends a bit on the nature of your question, but I should think that height and width of cells are going to be highly correlated and both are measures of cell size. I would probably just multiply height by width to get a better approximation for cell area/size, Alternatively you could run a PCA analysis.

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  • $\begingroup$ I mainly want to compare the heights of the cells between species. But I do not not have many plants. I made multiple measurements on the same plant. Is there any way to compare? $\endgroup$ – StatsNPlants Feb 10 '19 at 0:52

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