# How confident is my model? Is there a way to know? [duplicate]

I am interested in finding out how confident my model (say Logistic Regression) is in predicting the label of a new data point. For example, if it is not confident, I better abstain from making a prediction.

Logistic Regression outputs probabilities, which gives you a notion that there is confidence in prediction. But in fact, it is not. $$P(y|x)$$ being 0.3, doesn't tell me that the model is confident in its prediction or not. All, we can say is that it believes 100% that class A is 0.3 and other class is 0.7.

Can we use confidence intervals of LR as some sort of confidence in prediction? E.g., larger the difference between upper and lower bound for a particular data point, less confident it is, and vice-versa?

If not, how can we build confidence in our prediction? Can anybody guide me to some paper or field of study?

Your inference about $$y$$ is the Bernoulli distribution $$\mathrm{prob}(y = y^\prime | x = x^\prime, \mathcal{D}, \mathcal{I}) = \begin{cases} 0.3 & y^\prime = 1 \\ 0.7 & y^\prime = 0 \end{cases}$$ The probability $$0.3$$ is itself the measure of your confidence in $$y = 1$$. So you should not confidently predict that $$y = 1$$, nor should you even confidently predict that $$y = 0$$.