# What does bandwidth in kernel regression mean?

here https://stat.ethz.ch/R-manual/R-devel/library/stats/html/ksmooth.html is bandwidth explained as "the bandwidth. The kernels are scaled so that their quartiles (viewed as probability densities) are at +/- 0.25*bandwidth.". I don't understand it properly. Could someone please explain me more undrestandable what does it mean?

Often, if you're using a Gaussian kernel $$K(x) = \exp\left( - \frac{x^2}{2 \sigma^2} \right)$$, people refer to $$\sigma$$ (the "standard deviation") as the bandwidth.
In this case, they're using a slightly different definition in terms of the quartiles – the points at which the CDF of the distribution for which the kernel is the density are 0.25 or 0.75, i.e. the two values of $$t$$ where $$\int_{-\infty}^{t} K(x) \,dx \in \{0.25, 0.75\}$$. For a Gaussian distribution, the quartiles are at about $$\frac{2}{3} \sigma$$ away from the mean, so it seems this package is using "bandwidth" to mean four times that, $$\frac{8}{3} \sigma \approx 2.67 \sigma$$.