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I'm trying to refer to the coefficients other than the intercept. Is there a word/jargon that refers to coefficients other than the intercept? (I'm currently calling them 'other coefficients', which is mildly descriptive in the context, but not ideal.)

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    $\begingroup$ Some people refer to the other coefficients as "slopes". Others refer to them as "effects" or "associations", depending on the type of study. $\endgroup$ – Isabella Ghement Mar 24 at 2:26
  • $\begingroup$ I call them coefficients. I call the intercept the intercept. I thought this was standard. $\endgroup$ – The Laconic Mar 24 at 2:41
  • $\begingroup$ "beta coefficients" might work. I'm not sure. $\endgroup$ – Sal Mangiafico Mar 24 at 3:34
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Consider the multiple linear regression model

$$y=X\beta+\varepsilon$$

Here $y$ is the response vector, $X$ is the design matrix with (say) $p+1$ columns (the first column in this matrix is a vector of all ones corresponding to the intercept), $\beta=(\beta_0,\beta_1,\ldots,\beta_p)^T$ is the vector of regression coefficients and $\varepsilon$ is the random error.

Without resorting to vectors, we can write the model as

$$y=\beta_0+\beta_1 x_1+\beta_2 x_2+\cdots+\beta_p x_p+\varepsilon$$

In this model with $p$ regressors or predictor variables, the parameters $\beta_j,\,j=0,1,\ldots,p$ are simply called the regression coefficients. In fact, $\beta_j$ represents the expected change in the response $y$ per unit change in $x_j$ when all of the remaining regressor variables $x_i\,(i\ne j)$ are held constant. For this reason, the parameters $\beta_j,\,j=1,2,\ldots,p$ are often called partial regression coefficients. The parameter $\beta_0$ is of course separately called the intercept.

In simple linear regression we have $p=1$ and the regression coefficient $\beta_1$ is simply called the slope.

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    $\begingroup$ I am happy with anyone referring to all of them -- all the $\beta$ elements -- as coefficients. Another name for intercept is just the constant. $\endgroup$ – Nick Cox Mar 24 at 7:47
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    $\begingroup$ Gradient for slope is common also. $\endgroup$ – Nick Cox Mar 24 at 8:11
  • $\begingroup$ Related: stats.stackexchange.com/questions/92992/…. $\endgroup$ – StubbornAtom Mar 24 at 8:22

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