Inference about the general factor (i.e. social support)
Your question is related to this recent question on unidimensionality for context. Your description of your goals could be clearer. However, it does sound like you want to estimate how well each item measures overall social support, while also considering that overall social support has the 4 correlated dimensions you enumerated. One option for that goal is the bifactor model. Reading list below.
Here is a short reading list on bifactor models. Any links are public access as far as I know.
Reise SP, Waller NG. Item Response Theory and Clinical Measurement. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology. 2009;5(1):27-48. This article discusses modern issues in using IRT in clinical settings, and it mentions the bifactor model (along with a bunch of other issues).
Reise, Moore and Haviland. Bifactor Models and Rotations: Exploring the Extent to which Multidimensional Data Yield Univocal Scale Scores The title is self-explanatory, but the authors do suggest that in many contexts, one of the normal unidimensional IRT models may be adequate to represent the overall construct.
Kirisci et al. Item Response Theory Analysis to Assess Dimensionality of Substance Use Disorder Abuse and Dependence Symptoms. These authors actually go and compare various IRT models on a panel of substance use questions. They fit a unidimensional model, comparing it with a bifactor model and a couple other multidimensional models.
Inference about the 4 subscales
It sounds like you also want to estimate the IRT parameters for the subscales. Here, I think that most people would just fit 4 IRT models separately and report the parameters. This seems entirely reasonable to me.
Going with the multidimensionality theme, it also seem to me like you could fit a generalized IRT model with correlated dimensions (e.g. Kirisci et al, in fig 1, their model C), and report the IRT parameters from there. You could also report the correlations of the 4 factors with each other. I think the factor correlations are substantively interesting, and should be reported. Remember, these correlations are set to zero in the bifactor model by definition, since (assuming I read the literature correctly) it's the general factor that's of real interest in that model.
That said, I am not sure if the correlated dimensions model will produce discrimination and difficulty parameter estimates consistent with the 4 separate IRT models. I think this should be the case, but I haven't done any reading on this specific issue.