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I am currently analyzing longitudinal data that was repeatedly measured (four times) but 1000 participants were lost to follow up after the first survey.

Shall I include or exclude these participants in the longitudinal analysis that have only participated once?

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    $\begingroup$ Related question here but I am not sure the answers quite respond to what you seek $\endgroup$
    – Glen_b
    May 23, 2019 at 1:00

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If you have a number of 'participants' engaging is generating a set of data over time, this is called "panel data". (See Cheng Hsiao's (sp.?) excellent book on this topic, here: https://www.amazon.com/Analysis-Panel-Data-Econometric-Monographs/dp/B000KCI5P0 )

In general, with panel data, if you have one data point for N of M subjects, they are useless. Panel data analysis is about taking advantage of both the cross-sectional and time-series components of a data set, and one entry sort of violates the linkage of value.

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