I have a truncated bivariate normal distribution

$$f(x,y)=\begin{cases}\frac{1}{2\pi \sigma_{1}\sigma_{2}\sqrt{1-\rho^{2}}}\exp\left(-\frac{z}{2(1-\rho^{2})}\right) &, |x| \leq a\\0 &, |x| > a\end{cases}$$

, where $$z=\frac{x^2}{\sigma_{1}^2}+\frac{y^2}{\sigma_{2}^2}-\frac{2\rho xy}{\sigma_{1}\sigma_{2}}$$

moreover, in case $f(x,y)$ would be not truncated, it would be normalized.

Is there a simple way to calculate variance of marginal distributions ?

I know that if the distribution is not truncated, variance of marginal distributions are $\sigma_{1}^2$ and $\sigma_{2}^2$, but what if the distribution is truncated ?

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Is $f(x,y) a pdf? Or is the integral = 1? $\endgroup$ – user158565 Jul 26 '19 at 22:45
  • $\begingroup$ $f(x,y)$ is a normalized pdf, so integral=1 $\endgroup$ – Andrea Mazzolari Jul 26 '19 at 22:58
  • $\begingroup$ $f(x,y)$ is plainly not normalised, as the normalising constant must depend on $a$ - and you do not even have a normalising constant. Also, you are confusing variance with standard deviation. $\endgroup$ – wolfies Jul 27 '19 at 13:36
  • $\begingroup$ @wolfies You are right. $f(x,y)$ would be normalized only if not truncated. I corrected about viarance and standard deviation. $\endgroup$ – Andrea Mazzolari Jul 27 '19 at 17:04

It depends what one means by simple ...

Given $\mu = (0,0)$, $\quad \Sigma =\left( \begin{array}{cc} \sigma _1^2 & \rho \sigma _1 \sigma _2 \\ \rho \sigma _1 \sigma _2 & \sigma _2^2 \\ \end{array} \right) \quad $ and $\quad a>0$.

Unconditional model

Let $(X,Y) \sim N( \mu, \Sigma)$ with pdf $f(x,y)$ and cdf $F(x,y)$:

enter image description here

Normalising constant

Let $c = P(-a<X<a) = F(a,\infty)-F(-a,\infty) =2 \big[ F(a,\infty) -\frac12 \big] = \text{Erf}\left(\frac{a}{\sqrt{2} \sigma _1}\right)$

where Erf denotes the error function. Or, automating it:

enter image description here

Doubly Truncated model

Let $\big(X \big| -a<X<a,Y\big)$ have pdf $g(x,y)$. Then:

enter image description here

Then, the variance-covariance matrix for $(X,Y)$ when $X$ is truncated above at $a$ and below at $-a$ is given by:

enter image description here

where I am using the Varcov function from the mathStatica package for Mathematica to automate the nitty gritties.

  • The top left element denotes $\text{Var}(X)$ for the conditional model $g$ and yields a closed-form solution. An interesting feature is that the conditional variance of $X$ does not depend on $\rho$ - this appears to be because the truncation is symmetrical around the mean 0.

  • The bottom right entry (with the integral sign) denotes $\text{Var}(Y)$ for conditional model $g$: since the software is unable to find a closed-form solution, the integration does not appear to be 'easy'.

  • The off-diagonal elements denote $\text{Cov}(X,Y)$ for conditional model $g$.

Hope this helps.

| cite | improve this answer | |
  • $\begingroup$ Thank you. Indeed, this helps a lot. I was mainly interested in $Var(Y)$, and now i understand calculation is not so easy as i wish. Thank you again! $\endgroup$ – Andrea Mazzolari Jul 28 '19 at 9:20

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