# Unknown statistical test vs nested ANOVA test in Statistical software

I have a set of healthy control individuals and several different patients (with different diagnosis, so I am not trying to compare them as a group. From now I will only refer to a single patient compared to all controls). I make a measurement of a certain biochemical parameter for each control and the patient with several repetitions. This means I have for example 12 measurements for 4 different control individuals, 3 for each (in reality, to be mor complicated, the number is not always the same) and 3 measurements for my patients. I am trying to compare the patient to the controls as a single group. I am using Statistica software (that's what we have in my lab and we are all statistical analphabets). I found this simple explanation http://www.biostathandbook.com/nestedanova.html?fbclid=IwAR0BGo1XFXzd-MVTLZ5_4ivp1WUOrP51as7KU64Y29OnjqcDNabR3zU7b7A and it seemed to me like exactly what I want. Tried to use it in Statistica, in the Nested design ANOVA dialog, the syntax is on picture with a row saying "DESIGN: skupina + id(skupina). "Skupina" means group, that is what I named the first independent variable, the values for it are either "control" or "patient" . ID is an id for each control and patient, so 1-4 for controls and 5 for the patient. I put ID and "skupina" as independent and ID as random effect. So far so good even though I have no idea whether it's correct. However, right before he left for his holiday, I was given an advice from a professional statistician (I guess the easiest "not wrong" way, beacause of my incompetence), and the syntax looks as is on the other picture, with DESIGN: skupina;. This was made from a general linear model in the General linear models dialog by making "skupina" and id independent (I guess it's called categorical factors) and the measurements dependent variables, then making the id a random factor and then erasing it from the syntax, changing it from "DESIGN: skupina + id;" to "DESIGN: skupina". I guess I believe that he is right, however I also find the ANOVA explanation convincing for my use. I don't know whether I used it right, only basis for that is this instruction from makers of the software: http://documentation.statsoft.com/STATISTICAHelp.aspx?path=Gxx%2FGlm%2FExamples%2FExample5MixedModelNestedANOVADesign&fbclid=IwAR1UfelnDjtnOgVh3CqlJ8i9GQfqYGgNf_226hxOSih_lfe4O1bEDl8Fa3Q I have 2 questions: 1) understanding what does the nested ANOVA do and take into account (very, VERY superficially, based just on the article) and comparing it to the syntax, I absolutely can't wrap my head around what his model does, takes into account, in human language, and how is it different and why. 2) If I were to use it (I have to say a find the p values from it much more useful for my thesis :-D :-D, and beacause I feel like he knew what he was saying, he saw the raw data, or at least big part of them), what would I call it and how would I describe it in the "Statistical methodes" section of my thesis. Thank you very much