The following is an excerpt from OpenStax's Introductory Business Statistics text:
True random sampling is done with replacement. That is, once a member is picked, that member goes back into the population and thus may be chosen more than once. However for practical reasons, in most populations, simple random sampling is done without replacement. Surveys are typically done without replacement. That is, a member of the population may be chosen only once. Most samples are taken from large populations and the sample tends to be small in comparison to the population. Since this is the case, sampling without replacement is approximately the same as sampling with replacement because the chance of picking the same individual more than once with replacement is very low.
In a college population of 10,000 people, suppose you want to pick a sample of 1,000 randomly for a survey. For any particular sample of 1,000, if you are sampling with replacement,
• the chance of picking the first person is 1,000 out of 10,000 (0.1000);
• the chance of picking a different second person for this sample is 999 out of 10,000 (0.0999);
• the chance of picking the same person again is 1 out of 10,000 (very low).
If you are sampling without replacement,
• the chance of picking the first person for any particular sample is 1000 out of 10,000 (0.1000);
• the chance of picking a different second person is 999 out of 9,999 (0.0999);
• you do not replace the first person before picking the next person.
I do not understand some of the content in the bullet points. In the first bullet point, the authors claim that "the chance of picking the first person is 1,000 out of 10,000 (0.1000)". Who is this "first person" they are referring to and how was this probability computed?
Similarly, in the second bullet point, they assert that "the chance of picking a different second person for this sample is 999 out of 10,000 (0.0999)". Who is this "second person" and how was THAT probability computed?