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I need to compare multiple treatments over a predefined set of benchmark instances.
However, I'm facing some difficulties on how to correctly state my hypothesis pair.


I want to verify if there are differences in the average results of $m$ treatments.
Assume that the set $M = \{\mu_1, \mu_2, \ldots, \mu_m\}$ contains the average results given by treatment $i \in M$.

Thus, I set the following hypothesis pair

\begin{equation} \label{eq:hypothesis1} \left\{\begin{matrix} H_0: & \mu_i = \mu_{j} \\ H_1: & \mu_i \neq \mu_{j} \end{matrix}\right.\qquad \forall (\mu_i, \mu_j) \in M, \end{equation}

where the null hypothesis ($H_0$) states that the results of all treatments do not significantly differ. On the other hand, the alternative hypothesis ($H_1$) states that the results of at least a treatment statistically differ from the others.


I'm really not confident that the manner I stated my hypothesis pair is OK, but I can't figure out how to improve my notation and explanation.
Can someone please help me on this topic?

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  • $\begingroup$ You can simply say that $H_a$ is "not all equal." Alternatively, you can define $\bar \mu = \frac 1m\sum_i \mu_i,\, \theta = \sum_i(\mu_i - \bar \mu)^2.$ Then $H_0: \theta = 0$ and $H_a: \theta > 0.$ $\endgroup$ – BruceET Sep 11 at 0:17

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