# What an input space exactly is in the context of machine learning?

I've been confused about various "space"s in machine learning for a long time.

I've checked out this, this and this post.

I am trying to get understanding through some concrete examples like this one.

Consider the example in this video Assume each channel of each pixel has 256 possible integer values and we are using rgb color scheme, which means, there are $$256^3$$ possible values in each pixel.

Assume each image consists $$64*64$$ pixels, is the input space = feature space = a set of $$64^2*256^3$$ possible arrays that each has a dimension of $$64 \times 64 \times 64$$?

• In your example, the input space is $X^{64^2}$ where $X = \{1, 2, \ldots, 256\}^3$. So that's $64^2 \times 256^3$ features. – Art Sep 18 '19 at 3:27

Consider you have 10 images, each is 64x64 pixels and 3 channels i.e. RGB. For this example, the input shape for each image is image Height x width x No_channel i.e. 64x64x3 for color image and 64 x 64 x 1 for grey scale image i.e. (64,64,3) for color and (64, 64, 1) for grey scale image. In other word, each input has 3 planes (R,G,B) with 2D array 64 x 64 ( image pixel size). 