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I have only a little experience in math calculation tools. So please don't be strict if my question is not well defined :)

Which tool (Wolfram Mathematica, MATLAB or something else) is better to use for statistics? Where can I find quickstart guides and tutorials for it?

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  • $\begingroup$ I'm voting to close, not because it's a "bad question"...but I because it is likely that it will solicit an opinionated debate about the merits of different software. People become loyal, attached to various options. $\endgroup$ – amWhy Nov 7 '12 at 17:28
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    $\begingroup$ To prevent this question from being closed as potentially argumentative or too vague, please edit it to indicate what applications you contemplate and what performance criteria you have. "Statistics" is far too broad to admit a coherent or useful set of replies. $\endgroup$ – whuber Nov 7 '12 at 18:53
  • $\begingroup$ -1 What you are stating is a problem of choice and thus a decision to be made. Doing so without providing preferences and goals to measure value of alternatives is unfortunately rather pointless or degrades to a simple matter of taste. Too bad. $\endgroup$ – gwr Nov 14 '15 at 13:01
  • $\begingroup$ The correct answer is R. Don't waste your money on proprietary tools unless you are sure you need them (which is almost never). $\endgroup$ – Marc Claesen Dec 12 '15 at 8:51
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Wolfram Mathematica is a very capable software for doing statistics, and unlike Matlab, its statistical functionality is included in the core Mathematica.

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    $\begingroup$ I'd like to see a reference for this assertion: "Mathematica is often faster than R for statistical data crunching." $\endgroup$ – Zach Nov 7 '12 at 19:10
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    $\begingroup$ Or this one: "Mathematica has superior statistical visualization functionality". Nothing at the linked site convinces me of that. (None of which is to imply that Mathematica isn't worthwhile.) $\endgroup$ – gung - Reinstate Monica Nov 7 '12 at 19:16
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    $\begingroup$ And let's not forget, if you (the OP) will start using it, there's a StackExchange for Mathematica $\endgroup$ – Szabolcs Nov 7 '12 at 19:42
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    $\begingroup$ I guess to make it substantial we should make a comparison across the board, but my claim was based on AbsoluteTiming[a=RandomVariate[NormalDistribution[],10^7];] reports 072 seconds, while system.time(a<-rnorm(10^7)) measures 1.26 seconds. Then system.time(for(i in 1:1000) {mean(a)}) measures 32 seconds, while in Mathematica, AbsoluteTiming[Do[Mean[a],{1000}]] measures 17.15 seconds. Mathematica has much faster linear algebra functions as well. $\endgroup$ – Sasha Nov 7 '12 at 19:51
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    $\begingroup$ I think if the matter of speed in Lin.Algebra comes into play, Matlab is the fastest of the 3, at least on average. Also given that R through the Matrix package has access to Csparse and CHOLMOD and similar is in a worst case scenario as fast as anything else when it comes to sparse matrices. (And clearly you have access to packages like RcppEigen that are help with small dense matrices also). Despite its merits on symbolic computation Mathematica is not the lingua franca of Statistics, R is. $\endgroup$ – usεr11852 Apr 2 '13 at 13:24
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For statistics I would recommend R - computation environment concerning statistics.

Here you can find many tutorials for R.

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  • $\begingroup$ @Mihran R and MATLAB have a lot in common, so if you have any experience with MATLAB, I think you would do fine with R, too. Thanks for the link qmsoure, I've been looking for something like this for a few days. $\endgroup$ – rschwieb Nov 7 '12 at 17:24
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There are specific tools out there for statistical analysis. For example, R, SPSS, and Minitab.

Nevertheless, both Mathematica and MATLAB are capable of doing the required computations; which is "better" is a matter of taste and application requirements, most of the time.

MATLAB doesn't ship default with many statistical subroutines. However, it does have a Statistics toolbox that contains much of the functionality found default in some other packages. It all depends on what exactly you're trying to do, statistics wise, and what your comfort level with programming is. Maybe you can elaborate more on what you're attempting.

(Of course, the man-hours spent re-programming an algorithm for, say, ANOVA is often costlier than just buying the license to the toolbox that has a stock routine outright).

Finally, to answer your question, I personally prefer MATLAB. I find that it is easier to program in and allows for easier rapid development and testing of algorithms, etc. Syntactically, I prefer MATLAB. MATLAB likes to keep things close to pseudo-code. Mathematica tries to keep things closer to mathematical notation.

You can find MATLAB tutorials all over the internet. Just google "MATLAB tutorial" and you'll have a slew of results.

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Some people would say that Matlab is for numerical matrix calculations and simulations, and Mathematica for symbolic calculation. But nowadays both can perform both things. And we should add another contender, Maple.

In my opinion Matlab is too big and needs too much resources. You should only choose it if your company or school forces you or if you need some rare simulation tool. If not, you should choose Mathematica or Maple. They are also very good with graphics, numeric matrixes and both have simulation tools. But they have something much better than Matlab: symbolic and abstract mathematics.

If you can't afford commercial software or you like free software you can try R, for statistics and little bit more.

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