Probably this is easy to answer, but let me formulate the question: If we have a variable $Y_t$ measured over time and cross-sectionally, and we calculate the change of this variable from $t-1$ to $t$, let's call it $\Delta Y_t$. Next, we want to predict this $\Delta Y_t$ at time $t$ using several predictors (let's call them $a$ and $b$ for simplicity). My question is as follows: Can we use $a$ and $b$ at time $t-1$, or do they need to be measured at $t-2$? I am asking because $\Delta Y_t$ also contains information from period $t-1$ (logically, as it is the change from $t-1$ to $t$), so does that lead to any problems in the regression model?
Before trying any modeling with time series, it is important to make sure that time-series you have is stationary.
In simple words, it means that, if you select random consecutive sample sizes of
n from this time-series they will have equal covariances. One considers time series purely stationary if and only if it complies to the following:
- Constant mean
- Constant variance
- Constant covariance between equally sized periods.
Stationarity is one of the assumptions of regression models.