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I have fit a linear model using the lm function in R...

model <- lm(trans.baseline.CD4 ~ hiv$Julian.Date)

... and I would like to assess the quality of the model's fit. Is there a function in R that will do this? Alternatively, I found a formula for goodness-of-fit involving the sum of squared residuals given the null and alternative hypotheses, but I don't know how to get these values either. Any pointers?

Thanks!

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It all starts with

 summary(model)

after your fit. There are numerous commands to assess the fit, test commands, compare alternative models, ... in base R as well as in add-on packages on CRAN.

But you may want to do some reading, for example with Dalgaard's book or another introduction to statistics with R.

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    $\begingroup$ (+1) Linear Models with R, by Julian J. Faraway is also a good starting point. $\endgroup$ – chl Nov 13 '10 at 18:07
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    $\begingroup$ Yeah, I guess there's really no escaping me actually digging down and figuring out what exactly I want to compute. I was just hoping there was some sort of standard first approach to use. $\endgroup$ – Daniel Standage Nov 13 '10 at 21:14
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    $\begingroup$ Yup. With great freedom comes great responsibility. It is easy to just mechanically compute something. It may be much harder to come up something meaningful. Damn No Free Lunch theorem again... $\endgroup$ – Dirk Eddelbuettel Nov 13 '10 at 22:15
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You should probably take a look at this:

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1181025/goodness-of-fit-functions-in-r

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