After reading the answer in How do I normalize a bimodal distribution?, I began to think about the concept more broadly. With OLS on zero-constrained variables, the residuals signal bias, as the zero-conditional mean fails to hold (if I'm not mistaken).


Aside from demeaning, what is the conventional approach for zero-constrained variables, and what (if anything) changes if the zero-constrained variable is a response / explanatory variable?

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    $\begingroup$ What is a zero-constrained variable? $\endgroup$ – kjetil b halvorsen Jul 23 at 17:53

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