There seems be be a little confusion in the question. You appear to be talking about taking the output from your model and standardizing the coefficients, whereas the quote seems to be talking about standardizing the variables / regressors themselves.
It doesn't make much sense to standardize regression coefficients for variables that are categorical, or for interactions at all. Typically we divide by some measure of variability, often the standard deviation - but in the case of categorical variables, this is not appropriate. This obviously also applies to models including interactions with categorical variables. You say:
My categorical variables are actually not dummy coded but factors
The standard way to incorporate categorical variables into a regression model is with dummy variables, so the the output represents some kind of contrast - often between a reference level and the other levels.
Not only does it not make sense to standardize regression coefficients for variables that are categorical and interactions, but you are fitting a mixed effects model, so there is variation in the response that is due to the random effects and there is no consensus as to how to incporporate this, even in the case of global measures of fit such as $R^2$, so for individual measures of fit / effect size it should not be a surprise that this is just as, if not more, problematic.
It troubles me that reviewers ask for standardized coefficients for a model such as yours. I don't see anything wrong with interpreting the model without any kind of standardization.
It may be understandable that a reviewer may not know about issues with mixed models, so I would reply to them with a focus on issues with this for mixed model:
Unfortunately, due to the way that variance is partitioned in generalised linear mixed models, there is no agreed upon way to calculate standard effect sizes for individual model terms such as main effects or interactions (e.g., Rights & Sterba, 2919). We nevertheless decided to primarily employ mixed models in our analysis, because mixed models are vastly superior in controlling for Type I errors and non-independence than alternative approaches and consequently results from mixed models are more likely to generalize to new observations (e.g., Judd, Westfall, & Kenny, 2012). Whenever possible, we report unstandardized effect sizes which is in line with general recommendation of how to report effect sizes (e.g., Pek & Flora, 2018).
Judd, C. M., Westfall, J., & Kenny, D. A. (2012). Treating stimuli as a ra
ndom factor in social psychology: A new and comprehensive solution to a pervasive but largely ignored problem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(1), 54–69. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028347
Pek, J., & Flora, D. B. (2018). Reporting effect sizes in original psychological research: A discussion and tutorial. Psychological Methods, 23, 208–225. https://doi.org/10.1037/met0000126
Rights, J. D., & Sterba, S. K. (2019). Quantifying explained variance in multilevel models: An integrative framework for defining R-squared measures. Psychological methods, 24(3), 309. https://doi.org/10.1037/met0000184
where I have adapted this from here: