I'm working on a software project that involves creating a visualizer for flood simulations. As part of this project, I've created a water gradient that shows water depth at particular points. To set what values will represent what colors, I go through the data and get the minimum and maximum values that occur and evenly distribute the colors according to that scale.
However, there are often times points in these simulations that have significantly deeper water at them than anywhere else in the simulation. This causes most of the points on the map to have very similar colors and this is not very informative and makes the areas where the water is deeper very hard to see.
My goal is to dedicate a larger range of colors to depths that occur more frequently. For example, if depths go from 0 to 12 but most depths are between 1 and 2, I want more color variation to occur within that range than does between say 11 and 12 or 4 and 5. It seems I need to use standard deviation or something involving normal distribution to do this, but I'm a bit fuzzy on how these things work and how I can use them to accomplish my goal.
Any help that can be provided will be appreciated. Thank you.