If you consider a really strict delineation of probability and statistics, the former is about mathematically describing how likely it is for an event to occur, or a proposition to be true. You can have a textbook or a course that is about probability, without entering the field of statistics at all.
Classical examples include drawing different colored balls out of an urn, combinations in a lottery, or drawing cards from a deck.
Statistics, then, is about describing either probability distributions, populations or samples drawn from a population. Parameters that can be used to describe those are, for example, mean and standard deviation. In this sense, statistics is about describing the results of observations of random variables, or any sample or population that is not necessarily random.
A textbook that takes this view of statistics would include the definitions for those terms, and then various estimators that can be used to get at the parameters that might have produced a certain sample (given a probability distribution, or a random process), and how to judge the correctness of those estimates.
Now, it is entirely plausible that a textbook would stay entirely within this definition of statistics: Describing populations or samples, and using probability distributions to make inference on how like it is that we saw a certain sample -- without entering the world of statistical modeling, where cross validation belongs.
Why not cross validation?
Some textbooks, even holding the view described above, might still include linear regression: its parameters can still be considered estimates that can be calculated from a sample. It can be, of course, used as a predictive model, and thus subjected to cross validation -- but once you start using cross validation to make judgements about what terms to include in your model, you step away from the strict definition of the parameters of the linear model being estimates of the population, calculated from a sample drawn from it.
Thus you could say that cross validation is already venturing in to the field of applied statistics.