Yes, the default k-fold splitter in
sklearn is the same as this 'blocked' cross validation. Setting
shuffle=True will make it like the k-fold described in the paper.
From page 2001 of the paper:
The typical approach when using K-fold cross-validation is to randomly shuffle the data and split it in K equally-sized folds or blocks.
Then, on the next page:
The Blocked Cross-Validation (Snijders 1988) (CV-Bl) procedure is similar to the standard form described above. The difference is that there is no initial random shuffling of observations.
So the difference is the shuffling. We must not shuffle time-series data because the records are not independent from each other. As the authors say:
[k-fold[ cross-validation assumes the observations to be i.i.d.
According to the docs,
sklearn.model_selection.KFold does not shuffle by default. As long as it is not shuffling, you could use it for time-series, and it is the same as the 'blocked cross-validation' mentioned in the paper. If you set
shuffle=True then it would be the same as the k-fold splitting the authors describe. (
ShuffleSplit is a bit different because each fold is random, so records can appear in multiple folds.)
However, a better option for time-series data is probably
sklearn.model_selection.TimeSeriesSplit, because it accumulates the training data over time. This is what the authors call 'prequential' sampling, as illustrated in their Figure 3. You can optionally introduce a gap between blocks, which is what the paper authors call 'hv-Blocked Cross-Validation'.
I recommend reading the entire section of the
sklearn User Guide devoted to cross validation, it explains everything pretty well.