$R$ gives "NA" for the p-value when I try to run Kendall's test with an "exact p-value" flag set on a larger data set (n=170 seems to be the cutoff). Is this just a computation problem or something deeper? Spearman's test with an exact p-value flag set returns a p-value.


         Kendall's rank correlation tau

 data:  sample(1:200) and sample(1:200)
 T = 10905, p-value = NA
 alternative hypothesis: true tau is not equal to 0
 sample estimates:
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ The approximation is close for large $n$. For example, if you were to start with something like set.seed(2022);n <- 170;A <- sample(1:n);B <- sample(1:n) then cor.test(A,B,method='kendall',exact=TRUE) gives p-value=0.08651 while cor.test(A,B,method='kendall',exact=FALSE) gives p-value=0.08626 $\endgroup$
    – Henry
    Jun 24 at 23:04
  • $\begingroup$ @Henry My qualm with the approximation is I couldn't tell from the man page what it was based on...if it's a CLT approximation, then my data might not be good for it. $\endgroup$
    – kara890
    Jun 25 at 4:19

1 Answer 1


I suspect it's a computational issue to do with how cor.test calculates the p-value for method = "Kendall".

If you have a look at lines 92 - 108 of the source code for cor.test, you'll notice that it calls stats:::C_pKendall to calculate the p-value.

If you then dig further and have a look at the source for C_pKendall, you'll notice that there is a division term with a denominator of gammafn(n + 1) in line 96. Now gamma(n) returns Inf for n >= 172 (for integer valued n) in R, so I suspect this division terms ends up becoming Inf / Inf = NaN for n = length(x) >= 172, resulting in a p-value of NaN.


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