I want to use logistic regression, but my data are time series data. Every observation is a different day, and I have days consecutively for 20 years. I have three variables(the predictors) that are daily measurements in these 20 years. My dependent variable is if it snows or not that day. I cannot use Logistic regression because the data are not independent. I was thinking of generalized estimating equations, but the data are neither clustered nor longitudinal. Any idea?


1 Answer 1


I'm not sure if that's legit but you can still use GEE. If I were you I would define an autoregressive working dependence structure (use the PACF and confirm which lags is any are significantly different from zero), covariance type as robust and I would treat all observations as one cluster.

Here's Python code for that:

import statsmodels.api as sm
import statsmodels.formula.api as smf

# Define the GEE model formula
formula = 'target ~ X1 + X2 + X3'

# Define the correlation structure - note that this statsmodels class allows only for a first-order autoregressive working dependence structure. Grid will become default argument in the future release, so to suppress warnings I set this argument to True.
cov_struct = sm.cov_struct.Autoregressive(grid=True)

# Define the GEE model with binary target variable and logistic link function
model = smf.gee(

# Fit the GEE model
result = model.fit(

# Print the summary of the model

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