# Calculating expected value from quantiles

For probabilities $$p_i=\frac{i}{10}$$ where $$i=1, \dots, 10$$, the respective quantiles are $$\tau_i$$. How can I calculate an approximate expected value?

• If you had quartiles you could do en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trimean, I guess something similar could be done with deciles. Dec 7, 2022 at 12:52

Using my answer at Expected value as a function of quantiles?, a general expression for the expectation in terms of the quantile function is $$\mu=\int_0^1 Q(p)\; dp$$ in the continuous case, and that answer extends to the general case.
Looking at the approximating sums defining the integral, you can read this as the mean is the mean of the quantiles, which gives an approximation for your case as $$\frac{\sum_1^{10} \tau_i}{10}$$
• Isn't that slightly biased upwards due there being no $Q(0)$ and if yes, do you see a way of correcting that? Dec 7, 2022 at 14:16
• @LukasLohse: Yes, but this comes from the biased definition of $p_i$ by the OP Dec 7, 2022 at 14:19