If I have a collection of student scores, what is a good way to create a 'single vs. group' statistic? What I would like to know is how the single score compares to the group of scores against which it is juxtaposed.
So, for example: lets say that the test permits values from 1 to 9 (inclusive), and we are looking at a score of 3. We could say that 3 is around 33% - but this doesn't factor in the other scores: what if 3 was the lowest score of the group? What if it was the highest?
Even just a one-word answer pointing me in the right direction of some research I could do would be appreciated. Obviously even better if you can help me understand :-).