I'm sorry I make reference to Stata here, but it's just to illustrate the point, the question is about whether it is correct or not using lagged variables in interaction terms.

I have a linear model that I am estimating using FE and RE, in which my explanatory (continuous) variable is lagged, something like this:

$$ y = \alpha + \beta x_{t-1} + \epsilon $$

Stata: xtregar y L.variable, fe/re

For my analysis, I need to include a categorical interaction term. Stata, by using the graphical interface, does not allow me to use lags with my continuous variable, but it does give me results if I add 'L' manually, and these are very different to those without the L.

What Stata's graphical interface allows me to do is:

xtregar y L.variable dummy#c.variable i.dummy, fe

And what I think I need is:

xtregar y L.variable dummy#cL.variable i.dummy, fe

I am confused since I imagine that if adding lags was OK, Stata would allow me to do so, wouldn't it?

  1. Is it correct to add lags to an interaction term?
  2. In case of that the answer to (1) is no: If I remove the variable (L.variable), is it ok to add lags to the interaction term?

A related question:

What to do if the variable is not significant but the interaction term is?


1 Answer 1


It could be correct to combine lags and interaction terms, there is certainly no a priori reason why this would always be wrong.

My guess is that StataCorp did not implement the combination of factor variables and time series operators in the graphical user interface in order to make the interface easier to use. The logic being that combining the two would make the menu a lot more complicated and the combination of the two would be just too rare to be worth the possible confusion.

As you noticed, you can easily type the commands and that way combine the factor variable and time series operators.


Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.