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I am trying to implement PCA (NIPALS method) using Excel. The problem is that my results are not exactly matching with the results of R. There is only a difference in sign: if my scores are positive, then scores using R are negative.

I don't know what is going on. What to do?

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1) I wouldn't use Excel for data analysis

2) The signs of PCA are arbitrary, so there is no real problem here.

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  • $\begingroup$ Oh, Is it so. Ill see to it. Thank you so much Peter. $\endgroup$ – Sh_sharma Sep 4 '13 at 12:57

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