Sample size needed for Fleiss' Kappa?

A group of raters (about 20) will be watching a series of videos and will be classifying them into 4 categories. I will be running a Fleiss' kappa to measure the agreement. How does one compute for the sample size to arrive at 0.8 power, 0.05 alpha? Also, will that sample size be the number of videos to be evaluated?

• It's a bit unusual to determine if kappa is statistically significant, because that just tells you if it's different from zero. Usually you want kappa to be large (ish), not just larger than zero. May 13, 2014 at 0:13
• If you have to do a significance test, compare the value to a sufficiently large value. For example, if minimum acceptable kappa is .70, you can test to see if the value is significantly higher than .70. Nov 25, 2015 at 20:10

The paper by Cantor available here and entitled sample size calculations for Cohen's kappa may be a useful starting point. It seems to be widely available on the web if that link fails. But note @Jeremy has wisely pointed out in a comment that the hypothesis that $\kappa = 0$ is rarely of interest.

I am not sure you can relate the power and the significance level with the Fleiss' kappa but:

I have demonstrated the sample size based on several values of p and q, the probabilities needed to calculate kappa (for the case of several categories), making scenarios by amount of classification errors made by the appraisals.

Yes, the sample size you'll obtain will be the number of videos to be evaluated.

• Welcome to the site. You state that you have demonstrated certain thing, can you give more details, or a reference? Dec 6, 2013 at 7:15
• Hi, thanks! Yes, I know 2 cases for which you can use Fleiss Kappa statistic: 1) For 1 appraiser vs. another (appraisers must categorize the samples into 2 categories, for example: good or bad). This case can also be used to compare 1 appraisal vs. the known standard; and 2) For several appraisers categorizing several categories, for example: 3 appraisals categorizing 50 units into 5 types of defects. Source: Statistical methods for rates and proportions. 3rd Edition. Joseph L. Fleiss. Publisher: Wiley. Dec 14, 2013 at 3:51
• You get p and q from the contingency table that applies for either case 1 or 2. And with them, you calculate overall Kappa and a Kappa for each of the categories. Dec 14, 2013 at 3:52
• You can calculate n from given values of: the observed probability Pobs, the probability due to randomness P-chance (which is removed by the kappa statistic calculation itself) and the kappa standard deviation. So, I gave values to these variables, I tabulated the values and calculated n and that's how I got the table for n. Dec 14, 2013 at 3:58
• Can you provide a reference or example calculation to answer the question? Oct 5, 2016 at 15:48