I'm clustering data on a daily basis and would like to measure the consistency of the clustering method.

Let's say following clusters result in method A:

On day 1: {a,b,c} {d,f} {g}
On day 2: {a,b,c} {d,f} {g}
On day 3: {a,b,c} {d,f} {g}

With method B:

On day 1: {a,b,c} {d,f} {g}
On day 2: {a,b} {c,d,f} {g}
On day 3: {a,b} {c,d} {f} {g}

With method C:

On day 1: {a,b,c} {d,f} {g}
On day 2: {a} {b} {c,g} {f}
On day 3: {a,g,d} {b} {c} {e,f}

The amount of variables stays the same, but the cluster sizes and count varies.

Obviously the grouping is less consistent in the latter examples than in the first one. Ideally I'd like to have a measure that assigns a value of 1.0 to a completely consistent method and 0.0 where the clustering seems random. I'm struggling to find any literature and pointers to how this can be achieved. How could it be done?


In my case the clusters are on correlation matrices of financial instruments.


1 Answer 1


I suggest to use either the Variation of Information or the split/join measure. These are both metric distances on the space of partitions, and have the property that they will be 0 for identical partitions and get larger as partitions become more different. Further information is available here:

Comparing clusterings: Rand Index vs Variation of Information

There is no reason at all to use some pseudo-statistical measure when in fact the space of partitions can be equipped with a metric distance (several in fact). Something to be weary of are measures that are very much affected by the size of the cluster sizes (i.e. a node change is weighted differently depending on the sizes of the clusters involved). The Rand index (and associated Mirkin distance) are especially bad in this respect.

  • $\begingroup$ That's a great pointer, thanks! So far I've only managed to look at VI. How would one use VI for the consecutive clusterings, in the paper I've just looked into (stat.washington.edu/mmp/Papers/compare-colt.pdf) the IV criterion is applied to only two clusterings, is it expandable to more than two? $\endgroup$ Feb 7, 2014 at 19:58
  • $\begingroup$ Not really, no. But just by doing all pair-wise comparisons (between pairs of clusterings) you will obtain a lot of information. Notice that with regular points in 2-D space (or any dimensional space) the usual notion of distance does not extend to triplets of points either. It is also useful to be aware that these distances can be split into two components, each indicating the distance to the greatest common subclustering of just one of the clusterings. This can give you additional insights into subsumption relationships, i.e. "(nearly) being a subclustering of". See also the link above. $\endgroup$
    – micans
    Feb 10, 2014 at 12:55

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