I have once meet the following question, given a training set, is that possible to do the automatic labelling? In addition, if this training set consists of plain text files, is that possible to know what is the best description of positive class, and what is the best description of negative class?
My feeling is that, automatic labelling can be treated as an unsupervised learning; finding the best description from a set of text documents can be treated as an information extraction problem. But I would like to know, is there any formalized methodology or paper to discuss this problem? What’s the state-of-art for this issue?