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### How to sample from a discrete distribution? [duplicate]

Assume I have a distribution governing the possible outcome from a single random variable X. This is something like [0.1, 0.4, 0.2, 0.3] for X being a value of either 1, 2, 3, 4. Is it possible to ...
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### Approaches for generating synthetic survey data with dependent answers?

I would like to produce synthetic survey data. At the moment I produce independent answers between questions according to an arbitrary discrete distribution as in this question. I want to generate ...
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I have to simulate (in javascript) the likelihood that members of a certain population would have a disease, given a contextual value. All information I have comes from papers that show odds ratios ...
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I have a list $l$ containing integers in the range $[1,max]$ On list $l$ I do an operation $isPresent(x)$ which return true if x...
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How can I generate sample from a distribution with probability mass $P(X=x)$ in R? I know that probability mass, but it is not from a known distribution, also it is not linear, instead it has a ...
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I have an empirical joint distribution function $\hat{F}(x_1,x_2) = Pr(X_1 < x_1, X_2 < x_2)$ Can I generate bivariate random number from this distribution with a certain condition such as \$...