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Questions tagged [adjustment]

The tag has no usage guidance.

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23 views

Adjust two coordinates based on the distance between them [closed]

I have two positions $\overline{X_1} \in \mathbb{R}^{2}$, $\overline{X_2}\in \mathbb{R}^{2}$ with the respectively measurement errors $\Sigma_{X_1}\in \mathbb{R}^{2\times 2}$ and $\Sigma_{X_2} \in \...
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13 views

Poisson bias adjustment

So I was hoping someone could help me make sense of this problem. I came across this paper that discusses how the FSL probabilistic DTT may yield bias tractography relating to the physical distances ...
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1answer
25 views

Is this a valid method to adjust for multiple testing?

Assuming I have 100 variables and I do a t-test for each of them without adjusting the p-values, and get 8 significant p-values out of the 100 tests. If my alpha is 5% can I just say that since I ...
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0answers
7 views

Log-linear BIAS adjustment

I have a loglinear model of: $log(\mu(S_{ij|gij}))=\alpha_0+\alpha_1g_{ij}$ where gij is distance, and Sij is connectivity There is a bias in the distribution of count values for the outcome ...
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0answers
16 views

Statistical adjustment for regression

I already checked out the answer to this: enter link description here It is not a duplicate and that did not answer my question. I wanted to try to ask a different question regarding a similar ...
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0answers
15 views

Calculation of adjusted CDS spread changes in event study

I am conducting a study about the impact of credit ratings on credit default swap spreads for European Sovereigns. In the related literature, most authors use adjusted spread changes to account for ...
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0answers
27 views

P value adjustments when subsetting dataframe

I'm analysing a dataset that contains different species. I first use the species ID as an independent variable but then I have to analyse the dataset separated for the different species (in total 3). ...
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0answers
90 views

Adjust intraclass correlation for measurement error

It's been known since Spearman (1904) that one can adjust an observed Pearson correlation for measurement error using this formula (R code with tidyverse attached): ...
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0answers
50 views

Significance Testing with Known Control-like Contamination in Test Group

Spent a lot of time searching and haven't found an answer - apologies if this was asked before worded differently. I have a somewhat messy experiment that has already been conducted with large test ...
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0answers
24 views

Different adjustment variable in logistic regression model

In a study, a reviewer ask me to add adjustment variable in my model. However, the variables he asking for are not all pertinent to add in my model (weak univariate association between them and my ...
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0answers
2 views

Does more frequent adjustment provide more accuracy than one adjustment using the sum of the smaller adjustments?

I'm in the position of trying to provide customers with accurate weight estimations of material we collect from them. We estimate per visit, but then have an actual figure provided to us at the weigh ...
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0answers
26 views

Adjusting the values of the dependent variables after running a regression model

I have data coming from a satisfaction survey that was done in a big global company. In this survey, the managers of the different departments were rated by their employees (satisfaction from the ...
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1answer
227 views

Is meta-analysis of odds ratios essentially hopeless?

In a recent paper Norton et al. (2018)$^{[1]}$ state that Different odds ratios from the same study cannot be compared when the statistical models that result in odds ratio estimates have ...
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0answers
275 views

P-value adjustment for hierarchical / multilevel data

I'm dealing with a large data set which is hierarchical in nature, that is 1000 schools, within every school 1000 students. The dependent variable is a measure of performance. Ideally I would like to ...
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1answer
21 views

Adjusting Nutrient Intake for Energy Intake OR Body Weight OR Both?

Introduction I am analyzing a data set which I am grouping in protein intake quartiles. Before using the protein intake data (in grams), I want to adjust it to avoid potential confounding. Problem ...
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0answers
25 views

Adjust correlation for categorical variable

In setting up a model that predicts a continuous outcome variable based on a continuous input variable, I was wondering whether I could adjust a (partial) correlation for a categorical variable (e.g., ...
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0answers
26 views

Understanding the Nutrient Residual Model for Energy Adjustment and how to in R

Problem I have a dataset from a large study that collects nutrient data. I need to adjust all nutrient variables for total energy intake. I will be using the Nutrient Residual Model as described by ...
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1answer
22 views

Multiple hypothesis test

I have some questions about multiple hypothesis test. Situation 1: We have 1000 p-values, all of them are less than 0.0 5. We may say there are 50 false positive (1000*0.05) in these p-values. ...
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0answers
23 views

Adjusting dependent variable using regression

I have seen multiple posts and studies which used fitted values from regression to get co-variate adjusted dependent variable. Here are some to name a few: 1, 2 and 3. But I don't quite understand ...
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0answers
14 views

Adjusting for energy intake (one sample)

I have a data set with percentage of energy intake from fruits at the baseline and after 2-years (one sample only). 1) When I am making a regression analysis on this change and its effect on body ...
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1answer
46 views

Matching by or adjusting for confounders?

When using regression models with a binary exposure, how do you choose whether to adjust for a confounders as covariates or to match the two exposure groups according to the confounders and then ...
1
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0answers
70 views

adjusted p-values for post-hoc tests?

I'm analysing about 20 lab-results of three different groups either with ANOVA, Kruskal–Wallis test or chi-squared. I correct the resulting p-values for multiple testing using the Benjamini/Hochberg ...
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0answers
13 views

Method to adjust probability of an outcome for number at risk

Sorry if this is a silly question. I have a table of 2000 patients and the time at which a certain in-hospital outcome occurred. I have another table of these 2000 patients containing how long they ...
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0answers
21 views

Adjusting simultaneously for multiple confounders

I am having trouble understanding how to adjust for confounders in a basic statistical analysis. As a simple example, assume I want to know whether the weight of group of sick subjects and a group of ...
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0answers
50 views

Should the Kaplan-Meier p-value be adjusted if new data are added?

The event of interest is subscription purchase and the time variable is days since the creation of the subscription trial within an AB Test. The stakeholders want to monitor the progress each day as ...
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0answers
24 views

Correlation with adjustment

I have data from several animals that are tested daily for 15 days on the presence of seizures. I have the latency of the seizures(when it begins after the start of experiment) and they occur on some ...
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1answer
459 views

How to detect seasonality in data in R?

My goal is to (1) prove the hypothesis of seasonality in this inflation time-series and (2) remove the seasonality via the X-13-ARIMA-SEATS procedure. My questions are (1) how does one prove such ...
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0answers
13 views

Adjusting/controlling entire distribution for covariates

Suppose I have data on the number of views that Youtube music videos receive as of a fixed date. Let $Y_i$ represent the number of views that video $i$ has received by this date. I want to compare the ...
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3answers
65 views

Bonfferroni correction of correlation p-values. What's my k?

I ran a series of Pearson correlations on my data and my supervisor told me to correct the p-values to account for the multiple comparisons I made. She told me to divide the p-value by the number of ...
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0answers
6 views

Adjust positive and negative flows to target total value

For Party A, I have an election result of 20%. In the next election, the result is 21%. A: 20% => 21% I have a survey that predicts the size of flows between ...
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0answers
30 views

After making an adjustment to the forecast, should I also adjust the prediction interval (& how)?

I want this to be a general question as it may help others in the future but I will give the specifics of what I'm doing. I am producing forecasts for many time series with different models. It is ...
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0answers
197 views

How to report multivariate linear regression results

I want to evaluate association between two continuous variables. But in my data, there are confounding factors such as age, weight,... I think that simple correlation analysis is not correct for this ...
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0answers
13 views

How to get an independent variable adjusted by covariates?

This dataset contains an outcome, an independent variable of interest (let's call it "var"), several covariates. Traditionally, we can build a regression model with the outcome as Y, the "var" and ...
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0answers
31 views

Do I need to “correct”?

I am testing whether a certain learning intervention affects student achievement. I have two groups of students (control and experimental) with 16 students each. I have their pre-test and post-test ...
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0answers
196 views

Adjusting P-Values of one-tailed tests

I am running a large number of two-sample Wilcox tests and using Benjamini, Hochberg, and Yekutieli method to adjust the p-values. The issue is that when I conduct a one-tailed test, the p-values ...
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2answers
1k views

Can I calculate adjusted means from ANCOVA if data is unbalanced?

I have a 10k lines dataframes on which I want to perform ANCOVA so I can get adjusted means. Please note that I've never done this before so I jump from a tutorial to another, but I still want to ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Does the Mann-Whitney U-test need to be adjusted in twin studies?

I have data from 44 twin pairs (88 patients total) and they are split into group_A (n=50) and group_B (n=38). For each of the ...
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0answers
47 views

How to perform adjustment for variables to adjust for confounding?

I'm starting Biostatistics beginning this spring semester and was reading some journal articles. I found this article http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0085253815499211 at ...
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0answers
90 views

How to adjust for confounding variables across different study periods?

I have a continuous & categorical outcome variables in three groups of patients, where the groups are defined by time periods 2010-2011, 2012-2014, 2015-2016. I found out that age and gender are ...
0
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1answer
132 views

Re-weight a data to match summary statistics of another dataset

I am trying to conduct a matching-adjusted indirect comparison (MAIC) using R. The process is similar to propensity score weighting. The process involves reweighting subjects in a population so that ...
0
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3answers
183 views

Age-adjustment (and its realization with mgcv): add age as covariate to the regression or do an internal standardization?

This question consists of two - but possibly related - parts. Question #1 We have data on the occurrence of a disease in several age groups over several years. We try to investigate the secular ...
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1answer
103 views

How can I adjust values in a timeseries to account for effects from other variable(s)? i.e. using a GAM

I have a dataset of monthly air pollution levels (i.e. PM2.5) as well as a corresponding dataset with monthly rainfall amount (i.e mm) spanning several years. These datasets have moderately strong, ...
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1answer
31 views

Correcting temperature data for seasonality given the outside air temp

I'm wondering how I could use historical outside air temperature to correct/adjust temp sensor readings I have. I know how to adjust for seasonality in accounting/forecasting where I would use my ...
1
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1answer
23 views

Unmeasured covariate adjustment

A study was presented where the authors used multivariable logistic regression to assess association between a risk factor and an incident disease outcome. The association was statistically ...
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0answers
283 views

Cox regression analysis: Adjusting for multiple comparisons

I am doing univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis on cancer data. I am a pathologist and do not have statistical background. I have constructed 3-4 models such as, clinical, genetic ...
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0answers
48 views

Adjustment for inflation in VAR (quarterly, annual and trailing LTM)

I'm building a VAR model with quarterly data. My variables include inflation (last twelve month), changes in housing price index (adj. for quarter over quarter inflation), changes in construction ...
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1answer
117 views

Adjusting variable for covariate to calculate rates or metric

In this report by Dartmouth Institute, rates of utilisation (per patient) were reported by year and regions. The input measure of utilisation were said to have been adjusted for differences in age, ...
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2answers
343 views

How to test a covariate adjustment for propensity score matching?

How can I test whether a covariate is sufficiently balanced after propensity score matching is made? Some authors say that standardized difference less than 0.1 is enough. Some authors say that ...
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0answers
48 views

Adjusting OR for confounding variable with non linear interaction

I have looked for similar cases but couldn't really find the answer to my question. I want to assess the impact (with an OR in logistic regression) of a predictor X1 on a binary response variable Y ...
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0answers
20 views

Mix Design: Failure to predict response

I have performed a mixture design containing 3 terms and I have carried out 6 experiments needed to adjust a quadratic model. It fitted the data quite well: ...