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Questions tagged [census]

A census is a study that includes observations for every member of the population being studied, as opposed to a sample from that population.

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Finding similar localities based on age demographics

I'm using the Australian Census data to find similar towns based on their age demographics. Some locations show a large young population, some more working age, some older with a greater number of ...
MrTelly's user avatar
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Significance disagrees between raw count z-score and percent change CI

I am estimating the difference between quantities of owned homes in particular census tracts between ACS 2021 5 yr estimates and ACS 2016 5 yr estimates. I'd like to know if the quantities of owned ...
Val's user avatar
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Bootstrapping from Census data

I have a question about bootstrapping correlated values from grouped data. The context is using Census data grouped by region, $R$ (tract or block group). Each region has a list of estimated values $...
Chris's user avatar
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Extrapolating UK Census Data

I have currently been given the task of collating the demographics for a few places that reside in the county of Flintshire, North East Wales, UK. My first search for a place named Holywell gave me ...
user1574598's user avatar
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Test for Difference from Mean for Each Individual Case/Value

I've edited this question based on feedback in the comments: I have a census data sample (about 9000 values) consisting of total responses and % hispanic responses in a set of zip codes, so my data ...
Marcatectura's user avatar
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Moran's I Statistic for skewed data

I'm trying to determine whether there is spatial autocorrelation in a set of data. I am using Moran's I statistic to test for spatial autocorrelation. The data was point data (instances of an event at ...
DejanMalenic's user avatar
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How do I use multiyear estimators in panel data?

I ran into this problem when trying to use data from the US Census Bureau. Their American Community Survey (ACS) has useful data that I want to include in a panel study of the years 2006-2019. They ...
Mark Weiss's user avatar
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Testing differences between census and survey

I am trying to compare voter turnout for two consecutive elections, one in 2015 and one in 2019. I have turnout data for several geographic locations and age and gender groups. The goal is to see if ...
mbarison's user avatar
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Is there any reason to perform a statistical test on a whole population?

Let say I have data of median earnings of an adult in counties of Texas and Arizona and I have data from all such counties. Is there any motivation to run a statistical test on whether these median ...
Jiri's user avatar
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Interpretation of confidence intervals for population data?

Suppose that I have access to the observations from the entire population $x_1,...,x_N$. If I fit a distribution to this population $x_i\sim F(\cdot ; \theta)$, and I calculate confidence intervals/...
pop's user avatar
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Regression Analysis with a Census or All Observations (Not a Sample)?

I have data that I've collected from every element in my population of study (a census), and not a sample. I am hoping to use the data to develop a regression model to answer questions like for a one ...
StatCurious's user avatar
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How to use weights from our data set properly? Should we use them at all?

The census data set I'm using: https://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/datasets/Adult So, I'm currently using this census data to make observations and predict whether someone is married or not. However, when ...
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Comparing Tract-level data to State-level?

I'm using firearm trace data (available at the state-level) and attempting to compare it to socially disadvantaged areas (census tracts) by the way of regression analysis. Katz and Schnebly (2011) ...
James R.'s user avatar
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How to adjust poisson regression to census age group data? Which approach is statistically more robust?

Dear statistical enthusiasts, I'm trying to assess the relationship between the cancer incidence and the various environmental exposure (&ejvar) using poisson regression model at census tract ...
Maggie's user avatar
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Most accurate way to express the income of the top 1% in a power distribution?

I have an array of 50,972 household incomes for a small metro area, and I want to measure how much the so-called top "one-percent" make (e.g., the 99th percentile). As you'd expect, it's a power curve:...
Chris Wilson's user avatar
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Law of large numbers with population data

The LLN refers to the convergence of the sample average to the population mean when the sample is iid. This is, for a random variable $X$ with $E(X)=\mu$, we know that in a sample of size N, and with ...
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Assuming that reinstatement of a citizenship question in US Census creates a bias in population size estimate, how can this bias be corrected? [closed]

It seems that the US Government is adding back the question about citizenship to the US Census. The question was in the form since 1890, e.g. see #15 "Is the person naturalized?" here. In 2000 Census ...
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Appropriate use of correlation as a descriptive statistic for population (Census) data

I'm writing a report on housing vacancy, examining various combinations of variables for factors correlated with vacancy rates recorded in the census. This is for a simple "requires further ...
leixlipred's user avatar
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How do I compare two geographic datasets with differing subdivisions?

Suppose I'm trying to figure out the relationship between home-ownership and wine drinking. My information on where home-owners live comes from the census, and it divides a given geographical area up ...
dain's user avatar
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simple question about meaning of "census"

A text defines "census" as a survey of the entire population and "sample" as a survey of part of the population. But the text also claims the US Census is an example of a census. It seems to me the US ...
user2680126's user avatar
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Interpolating and aggregating Median Income from binned Census data

I'm working with the most recent ACS Census data for New York City. I'm trying to calculate median income for Neighborhood Tabulation Areas (NTAs), which consist of several Census tracts. The Census ...
Steven's user avatar
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Application of Bayes' Theorem?

For those unfamiliar with census geography, census tracts are made up of multiple block groups. Suppose I have three data tables (all categorical): Block Group Geography x Home Value Block Group ...
ultimate8's user avatar
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321 views

Imputation of missing data

My goal is to estimate nutrition indicators of children less than 5 years old at the subnational level (say provinces) in a given country. I have two datasets: i) survey data that includes this ...
olbap79's user avatar
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4 votes
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Using multi-year estimate data from American Community Survey in models?

(EDITED FOR CLARITY) I have been looking around, and I can't seem the find the answer to my question. Apologies if it has been hiding in plain sight. In order to obtain school district-level ...
RickyB's user avatar
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How do you use Bayesian methods to analyze the American Community Survey Public Use Microdata Sample?

The American Community Survey (ACS) Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) comes with weights generated with the replication weight method. There are software packages such as the ...
Brash Equilibrium's user avatar
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does census data has to follow a normal law before doing a mean comparison by an ANOVA?

I'm working on some socio demographical (Age, tenure, salary, etc...) data to predict absenteism. I have all the employee data, so i have the entire population. When i run a descriptive analysis for ...
Da Silva Lionel's user avatar
1 vote
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446 views

Since regression analysis is inferential, can it be used on census data?

I read all the comments about using inferential statistics in census studies. From generalizing point of view, it is acceptable for me to not use inferential statistics in census studies. However, I ...
user123130's user avatar
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Undocumented Migrants and Parameters

I have a question about using census data to find population parameters. When you have undocumented migrants, there's an issue because your parameters can be inaccurate. An example is proportion of ...
user106432's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
61 views

Equivalent of significance in population data? [duplicate]

I know that significance tests don't make sense on population data. But how then can I figure out if effect sizes are meaningful? Is it purely a judgement call? Background: I have a census for an ...
Richard's user avatar
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Statistical Data Changing Over Time

I am attempting to determine voter registration rates by race within specific precincts in my county. The local Supervisor of Elections' Office provides data online of the voter registration rates by ...
ProfessorStealth's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to standardize proportions from US Census data

In seeing this New York Times graphic on Where Same Sex Couples Live, it appears that the low population counties have the most variation (comparing North Dakota and Ohio, for instance). Presumably ...
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Applying inferential statistics for census data

Let's assume I have a census data of a population which I would like to study and it has variables such as age, gender, sex, occupation etc and the dependent variable which is community participation ...
Dr. S.Rama Gokula Krishnan's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
221 views

What sampling method will be suitable when there is no published list is available?

As there is no published list of population (employees), how can I select my sample? Even if I want I can not go for judgmental sampling as the academicians in my University strongly disagree for that ...
Shaki's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
369 views

Recommendations to analyze a survey of the entire sample frame with a 20% response rate

We surveyed all 10,000 professionals in a particular industry. The industry is highly-regulated, so we have contact information for everyone in our population of interest. We attempted to contact ...
Anthony Damico's user avatar
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1 answer
142 views

How to statistically analyse the survey data of the same sample taken at two points in time

I am conducting a study on a sample of 100 people in order to test whether or not education has an effect on employment status. Basically i'm running a logistic regression where education is the ...
user44601's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
144 views

Where is traditional inference really relevant?

I have been occupied with a fairly simple question regarding ordinary inference procedures where my own, and many others, practice feels slightly uncomfortable. We know that the purpose of ordinary ...
Robert L's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
321 views

In OLS on a census, should statistical significance be ignored?

Let's say I'm trying to tell whether my company's sales have had a downward trend over the last 10 years. Let's also say I have available to me the last 10 years of quarterly sales. If I run a ...
user42226's user avatar
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4 votes
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How should very large sample sizes be used?

At what point can very large samples, as a proportion of the population, be treated as a census? For example, if your sample contains 90% of the population units, can one dispense with inferential ...
Scott Hale's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
622 views

How to compare sampled areas to the Census?

I would like to discriminate sampled areas that are representative or not representative of their corresponding population, for a given characteristic. Suppose I have surveyed areas (i.e. Census ...
Ellis Valentiner's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
373 views

SPSS GLMM Data Structure setup advice

I am running an analysis looking at individual voter turnout where it is a 1 for voting and 0 for not voting. I have some information on individuals including age, gender, and several years of past ...
CooperBuckeye05's user avatar
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1 answer
454 views

Inferential statistics on census data when response rate low

I have read the comments about inferential statistics on census data. I am doing PhD and also facing the same problem with a little difference. I have collected census data from the population of ...
sadaf jabeen's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
101 views

Census data comparisons

What is the best way to compare population of children age 0-6 years old (head counts) across various regions? Population density (population per sq km) seems to make sense. A colleague mentioned ...
nadia's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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How to create a synthetic data set of your population or universe from a survey sample?

I am thinking about how best to construct a data set containing one record for every individual in the entire United States population starting from something like the American community survey or the ...
Anthony Damico's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
6k views

Are sample statistics relevant when comparing census data across time periods?

I've had people tell me on numerous occasions that you can / should do tests normally reserved for sample statistics (e.g., difference of means etc.) on census data when you are comparing figures over ...
BenHealey's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
158 views

Avoiding the Generalized Variance Formula for the NYC Housing and Vacancy Survey

I am attempting to devise a replication-based survey design that closely replicates a taylor-series design used by the US Government publication - where I do not have access to all of the ...
Anthony Damico's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Can one compute confidence intervals for a census with high nonresponse rates?

If a questionnaire was administered to an entire population (group of interest) and the response rate was 68% can the questionnaire results be generalized to the population (100%, including the 32% ...
nadia's user avatar
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1 vote
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Nonintegral (and not half-integral) median

I was recently looking at the National Survey of Family Growth (US Census Bureau) and noticed that the numbers on the median column were not whole numbers, but rather numbers like 5.1 and 4.6. (Not 5....
Charles's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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census statistical techniques

All of my statistical training has been about dealing with samples (psych background). I am involved in a project where we have a census dataset (demographic data from all the relocation sites ...
ndthl's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How is research based on the U.S. Census organized?

As I understand, most of the research is centralized through the U.S. Census Bureau. However, I couldn't find any overview of fields of research on their website. Is there any other institution or ...
Paul's user avatar
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7 votes
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Regression line envelope from Census ACS data

Context: I’m working with the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) data which are samples (not complete enumerations) aggregated at different spatial scales. Each ACS estimate is provided ...
MannyG's user avatar
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