Questions tagged [complete-statistics]

A complete statistic T (in some statistical model) is such that for all functions g, if E g(T)=0 for all parameter values, then g is identically zero.

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using MI in medical paper [duplicate]

Hi there I don't know much about statics so I'd like to pick up your minds about the result of this paper https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(21)01431-8/fulltext#...
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If $T$ is a complete sufficient statistic, then $Cov(T, U)=0$ for all unbiased $U$ [duplicate]

I want to prove the following- Show that if $T$ is complete sufficient for $θ$, then $Cov_θ(T, U) = 0$ for all $θ ∈ Θ$ and for all $U$ satisfying $E_θ(U) = 0$ for all $θ ∈ Θ$. I think in essence it ...
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UMVUE for P(X > k) in exponential distribution [duplicate]

I have to find UMVUE for $exp(-k*a)$ where X ~ Exponential(a); k is a positive real number. I tried it using Lehmann-Scheffe theorem. Since, T = $sum(xi) (i = 1,..,n)$ is complete sufficient statistic ...
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What is the space that a class of probability distributions spans when T is a complete sufficient statistic?

There are a few good posts/notes (see here, and here) giving high level geometric intuition of a complete statistic ($E_{T}[g(T); \theta] = 0 \Rightarrow P(g(T)=0; \theta) = 1 \text{ almost everywhere}...
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Are These Conjectures Regarding Sufficient Statistics True?

I have these conjectures that I cannot quite prove (unless I impose another regularity condition of parameter-independent support for distribution, in which case, the conjectures are trivially true ---...
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Sufficient statistic and complete sufficient statistic [duplicate]

I'm trying self-study some inference and now I'm trying to understand how to solve some problems on this topic but I found this basic problem that I'm not being able to solve. Problem: Let $X_{1},...,...
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How is a sufficient complete estimator minimal sufficient [duplicate]

the question is quite theoretical But I am finding it extremely hard to understand it without cramming the derivation ,although I understand the basic concept of it . Can someone explain how a ...
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Equivalence of the completeness of the order statistics and the uniqueness of symmetric unbiased estimators

I am reading A.J. Lee's 1990 book "U-statistics: Theory and Practice". There is an equation on page 6 that I cannot explain why it holds, and I hope somebody could help me. Here is the ...
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Completeness calculation: Where does the $\sum_{i = 0}^n g(i)$ in $E_p[g(T)] = \sum_{i = 0}^n g(i) {n\choose{i}} p^i (1 - p)^{n - i}$ come from?

I have the following definition of completeness: Definition Let $Y_1, \dots, Y_n$ be an i.i.d. $f_\theta (y)$, where $\theta \in \Theta$. A statistic $T(\mathbf{Y})$ is complete if no function $g(T)$ ...
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Trying to make sense of claims regarding Rao-Blackwell and Lehmann-Scheffé for sufficient/complete statistics

I am currently trying to learn the two related concepts of the Rao-Blackwell theorem and the Lehmann-Scheffé theorem. Assume we have the random sample $X_1, \dots, X_n$ with mean $\mu$ and variance $\...
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Complete sufficient statistic of non-identical distribution: $X_i \sim EXP(i\theta)$

Problem Suppose that $X_1, \dots, X_n$ are independent $\mathrm{EXP}(i\theta)$ random variables. Find a complete sufficient statistic for $\theta$. My Attempt Since pdf of $x_i$ is \begin{equation} ...
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If a statistic $T(X)=\Sigma_{i=1}^n X_i$ is sufficient does that imply the mean is also sufficient?

I've been working on some problems, the question asked me if the mean of a sample is a sufficient statistic for poisson distribution. I've already proved that $T(X)=\Sigma_{i=1}^n X_i$ is a sufficient ...
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Complete sufficient statistics for bivariate observations

We have observations $(X_i,Y_i), 1\le i\le n$ from a family of distributions $\mathcal F$, consisting of all absolutely continuous bivariate distributions. I wish to show that $(X_{(i)},Y_{\text{...
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How to prove or disprove that a complete sufficient statistic exists?

We have a discrete random variable which takes values with probabilities $p, q, p+q$ and $r$. I want to construct a complete sufficient statistic based on a single observation from this distribution, ...
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Completeness of normal sample values

I have a small query. We know that sample values are always sufficient. Can we say the same for completeness property? Let us say I have $X_1,X_2,...,X_n$ following $N(0, \sigma^2)$. Hence, if we take ...
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Jointly complete and sufficient statistics for multivariate normal distribution [duplicate]

Consider the random sample X from the multivariate normal distribution where xi are i.i.d as N(µ,Σ). *Show that the sample mean x̄ and Sample covariance matrix S are jointly complete and sufficient ...
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UMVUE of two-parameter exponential family distribution

Suppose $\{X_{i}\}_{i=1}^n\overset{i.i.d}{\sim}X$, where $X$ has density $$f_{X}(x)=\frac{1}{b}\exp\left\{\frac{x-a}{b}\right\},x>a$$ What is the UMVUE of $\mathbb{P}(X_1<u)$? Here is what I've ...
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1answer
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If a distribution contains a non-trivial unbiased statistic of zero, then this distribution does not have a complete statistic?

If a distribution contains a non-trivial unbiased statistic of zero, then this distribution does not have a complete statistic? Here is what it means Suppose we have a family of distribution $\...
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Example of curved exponential family with $T$ being a complete statistic?

Is there any example of curved exponential family with $T$ being a complete statistic? Here $T$ is the sufficient statistic.
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Completeness of a statistic - Open ball

I was studying the slides of the course in statistics, but there is a theorem that is not clear for me. This chapter was about finding a complete statistic, and it explains that it can be found with ...
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70 views

Sufficient Statisitics and Discrete Distributions

I am trying to master minimal/complete sufficient statistics, however I am having trouble when the distributions are discrete and involve indicator functions. Here is my 3 part question: Let $X$ be a ...
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135 views

Minimal Sufficient Statistic for Bivariate Binomial

Find a minimal sufficient statistic for $p$ where $Y\sim\mathsf{Binom}(n,p)$ and $Z\sim\mathsf{Binom}\left(n,p^2\right)$ are independent random variables. Determine if this statistic is complete. If ...
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Complete and Sufficient Statistic for Discrete Distribution

I have a single observation X from the following distribution: $$𝑃(𝑋=−1)=\dfrac{𝑝}{3},𝑃(𝑋=0)=(1−𝑝),𝑃(𝑋=1)=\dfrac{2𝑝}{3}$$ I'm trying to find a complete and sufficient statistic for p based on ...
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Completeness of a statistic in a truncated distribution

Suppose a random sample $x_1,\dots, x_n$ (i.i.d.) from a random variable $X$ defined over $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},P)$ whose probability density function is $f(x_1,\dots, x_n;\theta)$ and $T(x_1,\dots, ...
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Whether the minimal sufficient statistic is complete for a translated exponential distribution

Let $X_1, X_2..., X_n$ follows iid negative exponential distribution with pdf $$f(x) = \frac{1}{\theta^2} \: e^{-\frac{(x-\theta)}{\theta^2}} \: \: I_{(x>\theta)} $$ I have to show whether the ...
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Reparametrization and its effect on sufficient/complete/minimal statistics

Suppose $X_1 \sim Pois(\lambda_1), X_2 \sim Pois(\lambda_2), X_3 \sim Pois(\lambda_1+\lambda_2)$. Separately I can find a sufficient, complete and minimal statistic for each of them. But considering ...
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Checking for the completeness for the M.S of $f(x) = \frac12 exp(-|x-\theta|)$

The minimum sufficient statistics for $f(x) = \frac12 exp(-|x-\theta|)$ for $-\infty < \theta < +\infty$ is $ T(X) = \{X_{(1)},X_{(n)} \}$. I want to show that the above is complete. $f(x) = \...
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592 views

Find best unbiased estimator for $\theta$ when $X_i\sim U(-\theta,\theta)$

I am having an issue finding a best unbiased estimator for $\theta$. Any help is appreciated. Let $X_1, ..., X_n$ be a random sample from a population with pdf: $f(x\mid\theta)=\frac{1}{2\theta}$ $-\...
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Conditional distribution of complete sufficient statistics being ancillary of $\alpha$

Regarding the distribution and statistics as described here, I need to show that the conditional distribution of $\overline{X}$ given $X^*=x^*$ does not depend on $\alpha$. I remember my professor ...
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95 views

Gamma distribution: ratio of 2 CSS not containing $\beta$

Let $X_1,...,X_n$ be iid and follow $Gamma(\alpha, \beta)$, where $$f(x,\alpha, \beta)=\frac{x^{\alpha-1}e^{-x/\beta}}{\Gamma(\alpha)\beta^\alpha}$$ I already showed that $\overline{X}$ and $X^*=\...
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Why do we not care about completeness, sufficiency of an estimator as much anymore?

When we begin to learn Statistics, we learn about seemingly important class of estimators that satisfy the properties sufficiency and completeness. However, when I read recent articles in Statistics I ...
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Statistics Theory Question

Casella& Berger Theorem 6.2.28: If a minimal sufficient statistics exists, any complete statistics is minimal sufficient. So let's suppose $X_1...X_n$ are iid $Bernoulli(p)$ $p\in (0,1)$, then $\...
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Rao-Blackwell part of the Lehmann-Scheffe theorem

I'm trying to understand the proof of this theorem. An unbiased estimator $T$, that is a function of a complete statistic $S$, is unique, i.e. there can't be other unbiased estimators that are ...
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164 views

Show that $T(\mathbf{X})=(\sum X_i, \sum X_i^2)$ is not complete

Let $X_1, \cdots X_n \stackrel{\text{iid}}{\sim} N(\alpha \sigma, \sigma^2)$, where $\alpha$ is known, and $\sigma > 0$ is unknown. Show that the family of distributions of $$T(\mathbf{X})=(\sum ...
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How to derive a pdf of Complete Sufficient Statistic of exponential family

While studying Mathematical statistics through "Introduction to Mathematical Statistics 7th" (by Hogg and Craig), I've been stuck in the Theorem above. The answer of the exercise 7.5.8 is not given in ...
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replication of minimal sufficient statistic

Suppose we have a minimal sufficient statistic for observations $X_1, ...,X_n$ that are i.i.d from distribution $f(X|\theta)$, namely $T(X) = (T_1,...,T_k)$ which is a $k$ dimensional statistics. Now ...
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Is the sample mean complete sufficient for the Expectation when $X \sim F$ where $F$ is some symmetric distribution?

Let $X_1,X_2... X_n$ be iid $\sim F$ where $F$ is any symmetric continuous distribution and let $\mid E(X)\mid<\infty$. Is $\bar{x}$ complete sufficient for $E(x)=\int{xf(x)dx}$? Assume that all ...
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What is the broadest context where $\bar{X}$ is complete sufficient for $\mathbb E(X)$?

$\bar{X}$ is complete sufficient for $\mathbb E(X)$ if $X$ is Normal with known standard deviation $\sigma$. Are there broader contexts? Like for exponential families in general or more general than ...
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357 views

Relationship between completeness and sufficiency

hopefully this isn't a duplicate of another question (at least I didn't find one). Here is a question I have about completeness and sufficiency: Problem: Suppose $T(x)$ is complete sufficient for $\...
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Proving $X$ is a complete statistic to find a UMVUE

I'm learning about Stein's phenomenon. This standard problem is considered: Let $X_1, \dots, X_p$ be independent random variables with $X_i \sim N(\theta_i, 1)$ for $i = 1, \dots, p$. Let $\theta = (\...
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Complete statistics for $f_X(x) = e^{-(x - \mu)} I_{\mu, \infty}(x)$

I am studying parametric statistical inference. One of the self study I have to find a sufficient, minimal and complete statistic for the $\mu$ parameter of the following p.d.f. $$ f_X(x \mid \mu) = e^...
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Verifying whether $X$ is a complete statistic

The pmf of $X$ is as follows: $X = -1 \rightarrow p(x)= \theta$ $X = 0 \rightarrow p(x)= \theta^2$ $X = 1 \rightarrow p(x)= 1-\theta-\theta^2$ I know that to show whether $X$ is complete it is ...
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94 views

Problem on sufficient statistics

Let the distribution of $X_1,X_2,...X_n$ depend on two parameters $a, b$ such that there exists a single sufficient statistic, for either parameter when the other is fixed/known. Show that there is ...
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Prove that the Pitman estimator is itself complete sufficient

It's a homework question, but I just have no idea about it ... Let be random variables according to a distribution having joint density ,where is a location parameter. Assume that there exists a ...
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1answer
446 views

Use the Lehmann-Scheffé theorem to deduce that $\overline{X}$ is an UMVUE estimator for $\theta$

Let $X_1,X_2,\ldots,X_n$ be a random sample whose distribution is $X\sim\operatorname{Bernoulli}(\theta)$. (a) Prove that $\sum_{i=1}^n X_i$ is complete. (b) Use the Lehmann-Scheffé to deduce that $\...
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Proving the MVUE is the following

I am stuck on the following question and I was wondering if can get some help. Let $f(x;\theta) = g(\theta)h(x),\ a(\theta) \leqslant x \leqslant b(\theta)$ with $a(\theta)$ decreases and $b(\theta)$...
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962 views

Checking if a minimal sufficient statistic is complete

Let $X_1, \cdots, X_n$ be iid from a uniform distribution $U[-\theta, 2\theta]$ with $\theta \in \mathbb{R}^+$ unknown. Check if the minimal sufficient statistic of $\theta$ is complete. I found ...
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202 views

Poisson distribution and completeness, what happens when one point removed from parameter space?

Long time ago (early 1980's) my professor showed me a paper (I think it was Teachers' Corner or something similar) about the Poisson distribution and completeness. Showed that if only one point was ...
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100 views

Proving completeness of highest-order statistic using Leibnitz' Rule

Suppose that $X_1,...,X_n$ are iid with common pdf given by $$f(x;\theta)=2e^{2x}\theta^{-2}I( x<log(\theta)).$$ I am tasked with finding a complete-sufficient statistic for $\theta$, and I have ...
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28 views

Why is $g(x)=0$ a.s. if $p(x | \theta)$ is a density and $\int_0^\infty g(x) p(x | \theta) dx = E[g(x)] = 0$ for all $\theta$?

I am trying to prove that a statistic $T$ is complete, where $T \sim \text{Gamma}(n, e^\theta)$. I am stuck at deducing that $g(T)$ must be zero almost surely, just by looking at the expectation: $$ E[...