Questions tagged [diffusion]

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What is the exact role of model $p_\theta$ in Diffusion models for the reverse process?

I'm reading this interesting blog post explaining Diffusion probabilistic models and trying to understand the following. In order to compute the reverse process, we need to consider the posterior ...
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Why the intermediate steps of a diffusion model (q(xt|xt-1)) can be considered as a Conditional Gaussian Distribution?

I have a similar doubt to this question: Why can de-noising diffusion models be sampled with Gaussian distributions? As asked in the original question, when we start from xo (the original image) and ...
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Understanding why volatility in diffusion process $(X_t)_{t \in[0,T]}$ is identifiable/known for continuous observations, but the drift is not?

Why is it that when dealing with continuous time observations of a diffusion process $(X_t)_{t \in[0,T]}$, we say that the volatility $\sigma^2$ is "perfectly identifiable" and just usually ...
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Sampling from a Poisson Process

I am trying to simulate a one dimension correlated random walk. In this algorithm, the direction of a particle’s next step is correlated with the direction of it’s previous step. The particle’s step ...
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Sampling distribution of GBM Maximum-Likelihood estimator

Given the geometric Brownian diffusion $$ X_t = \mu X_t \, dt + \sigma X_t \, d W_t$$ I learnt that its maximum likelihood estimators are the following as this web article suggests $$\hat \mu = \frac{\...
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Diffusion race model with censoring. Help to verify overall logic

I conducted a Go-noGO experiment in which the subject had to press a button if the stimulus on the screen was an orange ($O$) and had to refrain from pressing it if he saw an apple ($A$). The ...
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Numerically solving the Forward equation to estimate SDEs

In books [1] dealing with inference for SDEs, why is the approach of numerically solving the forward PDE to obtain numerical estimate of the PTD not studied? One could then use this PTD to perform a ...
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Jump diffusion -advantages

What would people say is the advantage of using a Merton jump-diffusion model, in terms of what it models and it's key characteristics/ features?
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How are differential equations and stochastic differential equations different?

In the simplest terms, how are differential equations and stochastic differential equations different? As far as I can tell, SDEs are PDEs or ODEs, where the derivative of some function wrt itself is ...
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Carré du champ operator is a quadratic variation

Let $X_t$ be a real valued Markov process (starting at $x$) with generator $L$. Let $\Gamma(f)$ denote Carré du champ operator i.e. $L(f^2) - 2f \cdot L (f)$. As far as I know under suitable ...
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Fit drift diffusion model with trial-type dependent input strength

I want to fit a drift diffusion model to a task which involves multiple decisions (n=400) between two different valuable choice options . I do understand how I would do that in general, also with the ...
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What is the likelihood function of the starting time of diffusion?

I need to find the likelihood that a set of molecules was instantaneously released at time $t_0$, say $t_0=0$. Toy System Example: Let $N$ be the set of molecules released from a specific point in a ...
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How to apply the diffusion maps when the matrix is PSD but not positivity preserving?

In order to apply the diffusion maps in a matrix $C\in\mathbb R^{n\times n}$ , that matrix must obey some restrictions, C is symmetric: $C_{ij} = C_{ji}$, C is positivity preserving (PP): $\forall ...
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Diffusion tensor as a covariance matrix

TLDR: In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), to study molecular diffusion we assume that molecules displace in 3D space according to a trivariate gaussian distribution. The variables are then the ...
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1 answer
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What is the distribution of the peak time of the first hitting time process

I need to find the distribution of the random variable $T_{peak}$ where $T_{peak}$ represents the peak time of the first hitting time process. Detailed Explanation of the System: There are $N^{Tx}$ ...
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Stochastic Differential equation: CAPM

Let $R = (R_1, \dots , R_M)'$ denote a vector of excess returns of $M$ assets observed at $n$ time points, $0 < t_1 < t_2 < \cdots < t_n < T$, within a time span $T > 0$. We wish ...
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Increase the number of samples when the PDF is invariant

Background: $$\frac{\partial C}{\partial t} = D \frac{\partial^2 C}{\partial x^2}$$ is given by Fick's second law, in which $D$ is the diffusion coefficient. The solution to this equation (given the ...
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Why is the sample variance equal to the average sample size for random processes?

I am learning auto-correlation function for fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) on fcsXpert.com. The web page says: For random processes such as diffusion, the average of the square of the ...
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Distribution of the step size of diffusion in 3-dimensional space

I need to find the distribution of the random variable $$Y=\sqrt{X_1^2+X_2^2+X_3^2}$$ where $X_i\sim{\cal{N}}(0,\sigma^2)$ and $\sigma^2$ is related to diffusion coefficient. All $X_i$s are ...
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2 votes
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How to simulate anomalous diffusion of a 1D point like particle?

I want to simulate 3 types of diffusion processes: normal diffusion $[\langle x^2(t)\rangle \propto t ]$. subdiffusion $[\langle x^2(t)\rangle \propto t^\alpha ; \alpha<1 ]$ superdiffusion $[\...
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Computing properties of non-uniform random walk/diffusion

I have a lot of numerical data which I'm looking to characterise as a (possibly continuous) random walk with variable (in space) step size, for example, along $x$ between $-1$ and $1$ with a step size ...
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2 Dimensional Random Walk Simulation

I am trying to simulate random diffusion of particles using a random walk diffusion model. I have used probabilities of movement of particles in a 2D area, to be 1/4 in all 4 directions. The confusion ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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confusion about root mean squared distance in 1 dimensional random walk

I was just introduced to the concept of a random walk while reading the Feynman lectures on physics, Volume 1. There was something in the explanation there that confused me, so I tried looking online ...
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9 votes
1 answer
473 views

Theoretical link between the graph diffusion/heat kernel and spectral clustering

The graph diffusion kernel of a Graph is the exponential of its Laplacian $\exp(-\beta L)$ (or a similar expression depending on how you define the kernel). If you have labels on some vertices, you ...
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3 votes
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Diffusion coefficient from double-normal probability density function

The spread of individuals of species is often described by so-called dispersal kernels. The main parameter of spread is then often the variance defined as the average squared movement distance of a ...
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What is tantile regression?

My question follows on this discussion of medials and tantiles vs medians and quantiles from earlier this year: When would we use tantiles and the medial, rather than quantiles and the median? As ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Probability distribution of the magnitude of a circular bivariate random variable?

I'm very new to this topic. I have a distribution similar to the picture below but with the center at zero. As I said, I'm very new to this, but if I understand correctly, if there was no hole in ...
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