Questions tagged [diffusion]

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How to generate a log-linear frequency distribution of walk durations with a random walk?

Imagine that I have a random walk of n-individuals running to time t. There is a lower absorbing boundary z at which each individual stops walking when encountered. Steps are randomly drawn from any ...
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29 views

What is the likelihood function of the starting time of diffusion?

I need to find the likelihood that a set of molecules was instantaneously released at time $t_0$, say $t_0=0$. Toy System Example: Let $N$ be the set of molecules released from a specific point in a ...
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How to apply the diffusion maps when the matrix is PSD but not positivity preserving?

In order to apply the diffusion maps in a matrix $C\in\mathbb R^{n\times n}$ , that matrix must obey some restrictions, C is symmetric: $C_{ij} = C_{ji}$, C is positivity preserving (PP): $\forall ...
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Hopefully a quick semantics question (Maximum Likelihood Estimator)

I was working through a portion of this paper, when I came across something that seemed odd to me. In Appendix E (pg24), equation (E4), the following line pops up: $\widehat{D} = \frac{\widehat{\...
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15 views

Diffusion tensor as a covariance matrix

TLDR: In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), to study molecular diffusion we assume that molecules displace in 3D space according to a trivariate gaussian distribution. The variables are then the ...
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1answer
163 views

What is the distribution of the peak time of the first hitting time process

I need to find the distribution of the random variable $T_{peak}$ where $T_{peak}$ represents the peak time of the first hitting time process. Detailed Explanation of the System: There are $N^{Tx}$ ...
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48 views

Stochastic Differential equation: CAPM

Let $R = (R_1, \dots , R_M)'$ denote a vector of excess returns of $M$ assets observed at $n$ time points, $0 < t_1 < t_2 < \cdots < t_n < T$, within a time span $T > 0$. We wish ...
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25 views

Increase the number of samples when the PDF is invariant

Background: $$\frac{\partial C}{\partial t} = D \frac{\partial^2 C}{\partial x^2}$$ is given by Fick's second law, in which $D$ is the diffusion coefficient. The solution to this equation (given the ...
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14 views

What does a Drift Diffusion Model tell you about choice and reaction time?

I'm having trouble understanding what exactly the drift diffusion model, LBA, LCA, etc. models tell you about a set of 2 (or multi) alternative forced choice tasks. I know these models are supposed to ...
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1answer
42 views

Why is the sample variance equal to the average sample size for random processes?

I am learning auto-correlation function for fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) on fcsXpert.com. The web page says: For random processes such as diffusion, the average of the square of the ...
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1answer
46 views

Distribution of the step size of diffusion in 3-dimensional space

I need to find the distribution of the random variable $$Y=\sqrt{X_1^2+X_2^2+X_3^2}$$ where $X_i\sim{\cal{N}}(0,\sigma^2)$ and $\sigma^2$ is related to diffusion coefficient. All $X_i$s are ...
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How to simulate anomalous diffusion of a 1D point like particle?

I want to simulate 3 types of diffusion processes: normal diffusion $[\langle x^2(t)\rangle \propto t ]$. subdiffusion $[\langle x^2(t)\rangle \propto t^\alpha ; \alpha<1 ]$ superdiffusion $[\...
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73 views

Computing properties of non-uniform random walk/diffusion

I have a lot of numerical data which I'm looking to characterise as a (possibly continuous) random walk with variable (in space) step size, for example, along $x$ between $-1$ and $1$ with a step size ...
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227 views

2 Dimensional Random Walk Simulation

I am trying to simulate random diffusion of particles using a random walk diffusion model. I have used probabilities of movement of particles in a 2D area, to be 1/4 in all 4 directions. The confusion ...
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2answers
413 views

confusion about root mean squared distance in 1 dimensional random walk

I was just introduced to the concept of a random walk while reading the Feynman lectures on physics, Volume 1. There was something in the explanation there that confused me, so I tried looking online ...
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325 views

Theoretical link between the graph diffusion/heat kernel and spectral clustering

The graph diffusion kernel of a Graph is the exponential of its Laplacian $\exp(-\beta L)$ (or a similar expression depending on how you define the kernel). If you have labels on some vertices, you ...
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369 views

Diffusion coefficient from double-normal probability density function

The spread of individuals of species is often described by so-called dispersal kernels. The main parameter of spread is then often the variance defined as the average squared movement distance of a ...
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191 views

What is tantile regression?

My question follows on this discussion of medials and tantiles vs medians and quantiles from earlier this year: When would we use tantiles and the medial, rather than quantiles and the median? As ...
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2answers
2k views

Probability distribution of the magnitude of a circular bivariate random variable?

I'm very new to this topic. I have a distribution similar to the picture below but with the center at zero. As I said, I'm very new to this, but if I understand correctly, if there was no hole in ...