# Questions tagged [discrete-distributions]

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### Let $X,X_1,X_2,X_3,…$ be positive integer random variables. Show that $X_n \overset{d}{\to} X$ implies $\lim_{n\to\infty} P(X_n=k) = P(X=k)$

Question Let $X,X_1,X_2,X_3,...$ be positive integer random variables. Show that $X_n \overset{d}{\to} X$ implies $\lim_{n\to\infty} P(X_n=k) = P(X=k)$. The $\overset{d}{\to}$ denotes convergence in ...
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### How to interpret sum of two random variables that cross domains?

suppose we have two discrete random variables: $X: \{$6 sided dice rolls$\}$ $\rightarrow \{1..6\}$ (following uniform distribution) $Y: \{$coin flips$\}$ $\rightarrow \{0,1\}$ (following uniform ...
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### If $X$ and $Y$ have the same marginal distribution, then do they have to have the same conditional distribution?

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are two random variables that have the same distribution. Does $$P[X \leq t \mid Y=a]$$ be necessarily equal to $$\;\ P[Y \leq t \mid X=a]?$$ Note that if $X$ and $Y$ are bivariate ...
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### Distribution of X+U when X is a discrete and U is a continous random variable

Suppose $X$ and $U$ are independent random variables. $X$ is a discrete uniform variable and $U$ is a continuous uniform $[0,1]$ variable. What is the value of $\mathbb P(X+U\leq y)$, where $y$ is a ...
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### Finding the mode given the probability of occurence

When a teacher asks a question, a student has a probability of 0.4 of being asked. Assume the occurrence is independent. What is the mode of the number of questions raised by the teacher it takes for ...
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### Are discrete maximum entropy distributions uniquely determined by their energy function?

I read this somewhere but can't find a reference, I'd love to be pointed in the right direction. I'm specifically interested in discrete Boltzmann distributions with interactions at different orders, ...
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### guessing a number between 1 and 100

Person A chooses an integer between 1 and 100 at random, then B can guess that number in (at most) 7 attempts, i.e. $\log_2(100)+1=7$. What if now A chooses an integer from a distribution that is ...
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### Maximum-likelihood histogram from noisy data

Given a sequence of noisy observations $\{x_k\in\mathbb{R}\}$ and a set of thresholds $\{t_i\in\mathbb{R}\}$ we can bin the observations using the thresholds to create a histogram. However, since we ...
Given a distribution $f:[0,a)\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, is there a simple algorithm by which to find a sequence $\{h_i\in\mathbb{N_0}\}$ such that $f(x)$ is approximated by $h_{floor(x)}$ as a histogram ...
I need to compute the upped bound for the tail (survivor) probability $P(X \ge t)$ for the discrete Binomial random variable $X$. I could use Chernoff bounds, however according to this paper [1] the ...