# Questions tagged [empirical-cumulative-distr-fn]

Empirical cumulative distribution function: a step function increasing by $1/n$ at each unique $X$-value that occurred in the sample.

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### Reference request: Almost sure weak convergence

(Reposting from Math StackExchange) I've encountered the term "almost sure weak convergence" of empirical measures in several places but haven't been able to find a textbook reference. Could ...
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### rank to quantile estimate?

R> x=c(92, 3, 1, 4, 15, 4) R> rank(x)  6.0 2.0 1.0 3.5 5.0 3.5 Given the rank results of an input vector of sampled data, I can estimate the quantiles ...
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### Does empirical cumulative distribution function (ECDF) has its Akaike information criterion (AIC)?

Working on multivariate distribution fitting, and right now I have marginal univariate transform models and a copula model. Was thinking if I pick ECDF for marginals, do I still have meaningful AIC? ...
1 vote
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### How to average several posteriors distributions from a Monte Carlo Simulation

Say you produce several posteriors distributions from different runs of the same model under different seeds. That is to say you have something like the following: ...
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### Distance between two categorical distributions

I want to test whether two (empirical) categorical distributions taking on $K$ possible values (e.g. 5, with no innate underlying ordering) with associated (empirical) probabilities $p_k$ are the same....
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### Probabilities from ecdf and normalised data - is this acceptable difference? (using R)

I have a dataset of 500 observations, definitely not normally distributed: The minimum is around 50 000 in the data. If I use ecdf to predict e.g. 100 000, I get: ...
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### What is a "bootstrap from the Empirical CDF"?

I am given the following set of questions. In all the questions the basic background is a sample X_1, ... , X_n. If n=3 and you observe the numbers 1, 2, and 4, what is the sample median. If you ...
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### Determine a product's rating given a known 3-sigma tolerance

Consider a 100Ω resistor with a 10% tolerance. We can assume this is the 3-sigma value since this is typical in manufacturing. Thus, we can expect ≈99.73% of such resistors to range from 90Ω to 110Ω. ...
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### Difference in means

For a df that looks something like the following ...
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### Smoothed CDF to calculate asymptotic normality

If we have the following estimator: $\hat{F_Z}(z)=\frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^N1\{Z_i\leq z\}$. The CDF of $Z$ is defined as $F_Z(z)=Pr(Z\leq z)$. $Z_1, ..., Z_N$ is i.i.d. data. What would be the steps to ...
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### How to deal with a PDF that takes CDF data as input? (Metalog distributions)

I am trying to utilise the Metalog distribution in a Machine Learning project. For this project, I need to be able to obtain likelihoods using the PDF of the distribution. https://en.wikipedia.org/...
1 vote
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### Is it possible to convert a pdf obtained with density() to an ecdf?

Consider the following code that gives us (an estimate of) the pdf of a random variable $X$: X = rnorm(100,10,1) XDensity = density(X) I want to obtain the ecdf of ...
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### Fitting a function to ECDF [closed]

I have some ECDFs. I would like to summaries the ECDFs with functional approximations. I was thinking that a polynomial, spline, or other line fitting procedure would generate a nice parsimonious ...
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### Computing the most representative sample of a random variable

Let $X$ be a real-valued random variable and $n > 0$. Using numerical methods, how can we find the vector $\vec v$ of $n$ real numbers that is most characteristic of $X$, in the sense that the ...
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### Median from two unmergable datasets

I am trying to calculate the "overall" median of a variable that is spread across two datasets. I have access to the raw data in each dataset but can't bring their raw data together. What ...
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### Why are people using KS statistic to choose cutoff for binary predictions?

I've seen that people are sometimes using Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistic to determine a cutoff in a binary classification models, such as logistic regression. However, i do not fully understand why and ...
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### Is it accurate to take the maximum distance between CDF and ECDF only at the edges? (Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test)

I have two samples, one obtained empirically and the other is the result of a simulation. I want to tune the simulation so that the result resembles the reality, for that I will minimize the KS ...
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### Example of cumulative distribution function and the empirical distribution function [closed]

A random of 100 rolls of the die. The outcomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, occurred 13, 19, 10, 17, 14, 27 times, respectively. Calculate the cumulative distribution function and the empirical distribution ...
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### How can i find empirical survival function using survival function in R?

The survival function is given by: S(y; α, λ) = (α/α−1)* (1 − α^(−e^(−λy ))), if α is not equal 1 = e^(−λy) if α =1 y = 1 4 4 7 11 13 15 15 17 18 19 19 20 20 ...
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### Intuitive explanation of Kolmogorov Smirnov Test

What is the cleanest, easiest way to explain someone the concept of Kolmogorov Smirnov Test? What does it intuitively mean? It's a concept that I have difficulty in articulating - especially when ...
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### Comparing empirical distributions with an interaction effect

My experiment includes two subject groups: group1 and group2. Both groups undergo a behavioral test, the result of which is called “movement celerity” (this is my dependent variable). Both groups are ...
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### Fit cdf and pdf from points on empirical cdf

I have cumulative counts with respect to a variable x, which looks like: ...
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### Can we apply the Probability Integral Transform to Dependent Random Variables?

Let's suppose we deal with a non-homogeneous Poisson process having intensity function λ(t), t ≥ 0. The event times X1, X2, … of ...
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### How to perform van Zyl's (2018) ecf-based normality test in R [closed]

I have been reading quite a bit on empirical characteristic function (ecf) based normality tests, but cannot find any functions to perform such a test in R and lack the mathematical ability to figure ...
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### What are “absolute ECDFs” called (if anybody uses them)?

By absolute ECDF, I am referring to an ECDF that shows the absolute number of samples above some value as opposed to the fraction of such samples. For example, the bottom plot below displays such an ...
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### Quantile-calculation example: Why the term $c$?

I need help to interpret a solution to the following example: Based on historical claim amounts $x_1,...,x_{47}$, which are assumed to be outcomes from an unknown claim distribution, you are ...
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