# Questions tagged [finite-population]

Use this tag to refer to situations when the population of interest is not infinite. (Much of statistics, estimation & inference, relies on the assumption that the population is infinite.)

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### Does it make sense to use a hypothesis test with population data rather than a sample? [duplicate]

I have recently been learning statistics from the ground up (for context I am an engineer by training with no formal education in statistics/probability). I have seen various hypothesis tests: z-test, ...
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### Does the Central Limit Theorem Apply to All Finite Samples Even If They Come From Distributions That Don't Have a Finite Variance?

Some distributions, like the Cauchy distribution, don't have a finite variance, and therefore the central limit theorem does not apply to them. If I have a thousand randomly selected observations from ...
1 vote
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### bootstrap resampling technique when comparing medians with finite population size

When comparing differences in samples (e.g., difference in medians) between two groups, I am adjusting group size to account for finite populations of the groups, pooling all of the samples together ...
116 views

### bootstrap confidence interval and p-value calculations for finite population sizes

I am comparing the difference of medians between two groups of sample sizes $n1$ and $n2$. I would like to confirm that my boostrap approach for finite population size without pooling sample data ...
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### How is the finite population of unequal sized clusters applied in one-stage sampling?

If clusters vary greatly in size, then it seems that the form $f = (1 - n/N)$ is not always a good choice. Usually in this form $n$ is the number of clusters sampled and $N$ is the pop cluster total. ...
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### Appropriate means comparison test to detect fraud in population dataset by re-measuring outcome over a sample?

As part of a project, organization A contracted organization B to deliver an outcome $X$ across $N=500$ units. B compiled a dataset on $X$ which accounts for the entire population. $X$ is a discrete ...
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### Non-parametric test for separating samples from two populations

I have samples $\mathcal{Z} = \{Z_1,\ldots,Z_n\}$. These samples either come from the unknown distribution $\mathcal{D}_1$ or $\mathcal{D}_2$. (Note: I can't make any assumptions about these ...
1 vote
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### Can I use polling techniques in card games?

In a 50 card deck where 4 copies of a card are allowed at maximum,there are around 2 million possible starting hands. My question is: If I take a random sample of the 300-350 and analyze it. Can I ...