# Questions tagged [frequency]

The frequency measures the number of times an event occurs in a data set.

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1 vote
21 views

### What type of statistical test can I use to look at the influence of a factor on a frequency distribution (distance)

I'm trying to work out what test to use to see whether a factor (presence vs absence) affects a frequency distribution with distance as a predictor. Just wondering if anyone knows what the best test ...
20 views

### Is it possible to compare different frequency distributions with ANOVA and how would you go about it?

For example if I have three different samples of red blood cells, and I created a frequency distribution of the red blood cell size for each sample how would I run ANOVA to compare the differences ...
38 views

### Fisher's test and difference between observed and expected frequencies

I was trying to make sense of a statement I came across in a paper. The author states that "The difference between the observed frequency of zero and the expected frequency can now be tested for ...
1 vote
14 views

### processing natural language that descripe time frequency with R

I'm dealing with data that descripe onset frequency of a symptom. The text in each cell was not in the same format. For example: ...
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12 views

### Can I test for differences in frequency data?

So I am investigating if an animal is being sighted more frequently in recent years. I have data that includes group size of this data - ie. year Group Size 2018 4 2018 26 2019 10 2019 46 2020 9 ...
1 vote
35 views

### Time Series Seasonality and Frequency

I am working with a time series that indicates the number of times a user logs into an application per minute. I want to find an algorithmic way (in Python) that would detect if there is any pattern ...
1 vote
54 views

### Which test to compare the difference between the amount of job categories for men and women

I have a dataset with men and women (independent variable) and want to know if the job spectrum (dependent variable) of the men is broader than the job spectrum of the women. Their jobs are ...
1 vote
21 views

### Is there a way to combine frequency and magnitude into a single variable?

I have some data where I observe something at a certain frequency each month. Each time I observe, I count a value of 1 if true or 0 if false. The data looks like this: ...
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### grouping populations based on frequency data on many variables

I have many groups (around 30) with N between 2-240 and I want to know whether they can be grouped according to a number of variables or traits (around 40). Data per group in each trait is the ...
1 vote
29 views

### May the cumulative distribution function be used to calculate the inter-quartile range and vise-versa?

May the cumulative distribution function be used to estimate the inter-quartile range? I am drawing their similarities. The IQR is found via a boxplot which has percentiles. A percentile comes from ...
22 views

### Find mean value of total N with only relative frequency and mid point histogram [duplicate]

I have the following data of number of vouchers redeemed : How can i calculate the mean value of total vouchers?
45 views

### Calculate mean of sample size based on relative frequency in histogram [duplicate]

I have the following data of number of vouchers redeemed : How can i calculate the mean value of total vouchers?
1 vote
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### Comparison of total counts vs. comparison of mean counts per participant in exploratory data analysis

I already came across this question: Difference in means vs difference in proportions, but could not answer my question based on the answers and comments there. My question would be this: Suppose ...
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40 views

### What test to compare two frequencies?

In my project I have to study the vigilance behaviour of birds, and I need to determine if adults start escaping from an approaching human more often than chicks. So I have the frequencies of adults ...
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### Best way to estimate fourier representation?

I have a time series $$x(t_n)$$ and I would like to fit the model $$A - A\cos(f t_n + \psi)$$, where the free parameters are $$A, f, \psi$$. I would expect that something with Fourier transforms could ...
1 vote
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### How to calculate harmonic equations from a complex wave

I’m working through an online example that explains spectral analysis in R. Let’s say you have a complex wave: ...
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1 vote
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### Scientific reporting of time-varying covariates at different time frequencies

Say I have the following model: $$y_{it} = \gamma_i + \delta {T}_{it} + \zeta Z_{i(k)} + \epsilon_{it}$$ where $y$ is some outcome for household $i$ in month $t$. $\gamma_i$ denotes household fixed ...
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1 vote
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### Which statistical test to compare frequencies across groups?

I am running an analysis in which I want identify if there are significant differences in the features that make up two groups: people that commit crimes against children and people that commit crimes ...
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### Which Significance test to apply to compare number of occurences of multiple events across multiple groups?

Our dataset is composed of time-series data (recordings) collected for 18 different groups (test conditions G0 to G17). The number of recordings per group can vary (30-600). For each of these ...
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### How do I decide the frequency of data capture for modeling?

I plan to capture data to predict energy consumption in a food processing plant. I want to capture production details such as how much each category of food is produced, what is the machine's output, ...
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### How to model discrete bivariate probability distributions with a 'triangular' support?

I'm really at a loss as to what this is called, so please tell me if this is a duplicate and I'll be happy for the question to be deleted if that is the case (though I likely will still have follow-...
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### LOCF and Reverse MIDAS Regression

I have a higher frequency time series as a target $y$ and lower frequency time series $X$ as predictors. I have found this approach, which reverses MIDAS, which is usually used to model a low ...
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### Arrange data so that two variables are linear

I have the following set of rainfall intensity data and I want to make a compilation of the rainfall intensities above some practical minimum as shown in the figure below. So the intensity and the ...
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### Power spectral density and frequency of noise

I have a vector of 1280 000 data points, representing a bioelectrical signal (Evoked Potentials). It consists of 2500 stimuli and responses, and therefor has 2500 individual "signals". The ... 1 vote
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### Combining multiple columns in R to get frequency count? [closed]

I have incident data and for each incident, there are multiple individuals each with sex/age. The data looks something like this: incident person1 personl1sex person1age person2 person2sex person2age ...
27 views

### What are the name of this distributions appeared on bitcoin trades data?

I have been playing with some bitcoin data that i download from binance API the data correspond to 1min klines there is 1 million of samples that start from 01/08/2020 to 01/02/2022 if i make a ...
4k views

### Why should the frequency of heads in a coin toss converge to anything at all?

Suppose we have any kind of coin. Why should the relative frequency of getting a heads converge to any value at all? One answer is that this is simply what we empirically observe this to be the case, ...
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### Likelihood that observed relative frequencies match a probability distribution

For this question, please assume probability distributions are discrete. If I have $N$ data points ($x_1, x_2, ..., x_N$), and I want to know the likelihood that these samples came from a discrete ...
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275 views

### Modelling seasonality by means of Fourier decomposition

I'm trying to model seasonality of a time-series by means of Fourier decomposition in order to model some yearly recurring patterns. The Fourier decomposition consists out of a few steps. The time-...
58 views

### Occurrence certainty

I think the best way to ask this question is with a hypothetical situation. Let's say I have a sensor that measures on average one occurrence every 3 days with a standard deviation of about 4. I want ...
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### Determining Frequency for Rankings based on their timeline

I have a dataset that reflects rankings for products over a long time period. I do not know how the ranking represents sales, but my first assumption is that I can apply Zipf's Law. However, I don't ...
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### How variability with different data densities could affect comparisons among environmental variables

I have several sets of data continually measured and recorded by instruments. The periods of record are 30+ years and the frequency of measurement can be every 5, 10, 15, or 30 minutes (288, 144. 96, ...
1 vote
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### How to specify frequency higher than months for time series

How do we set frequency if we have data with frequency that is higher than months in a time series? If we use months, we can set frequency to 12, but for daily data ... 66 views

### How to compare the frequencies by multiple groups?

Here are my data. Each row represents a sample and different VAR mean different component. ...
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### What does the y-axis in this Frequency vs Residuals graph mean?

(Asner et al 2013) This is on a paper I'm reading, and I get the residuals part, but I'm not so sure on what the frequency means. Can someone please explain these graphs? Please let me know if you ...
559 views

### Doubt around Covariance definition

Given the general definition of Covariance between two random variables $x$ and $y$: \begin{equation*} \text{Cov}(x,y)=\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^n(x_i-\bar{x})(y_i-\bar{y}) \end{equation*} Does the above ...
1 vote
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### Dealing with zero cells in the psi frequency test

In Jayne's "Theory of Probability" book, he proposes the psi test of frequency as opposed to the more common chi-squared test. He demonstrates how the test deals better with low-expected ...
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### Intervention Impact/time series for data with inconsistent frequencies

What can I do about time series analysis for data with extremely inconsistent frequencies? I am putting together a data set based off satellite imagery where, in some years, I can extract 3-4 data ...
106 views

### How compare relative frequencies between different sized groups (fish species)?

I have gathered data from a number of studies on presence / absence of fish species at 4 locations (let's call them A-D) with different proximity to a structure. I am interested in knowing how ...
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1 vote
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### Standard Notion of Limit for relative frequency to define probability

I am self studying probability theory and am reading the book: Understanding Probability: Chance Rules in Everyday Life by Henk Tijms. In second chapter he explains about what challenges relative ...
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### How handle frequency data to make it comparable between different sized samples?

I have gathered data on presence / absence of objects at 4 different locations from a number of studies (12 to be exact). I am interested in knowing how frequently each of these objects are recorded ...
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### Given a distribution of the frequency of use of different materials in production orders, figure out how many top-used materials enter 98% of orders

I'm looking for help in a strategy for solving this. Tried just getting a ppf of the beta distribution, where q=98%, but I'm not sure I'm taking a right strategy altogether, because there is no data ...
29 views

### Selecting the method to compare the frequency in two groups with repeated measures in each group

I have two dichotomous variables determining the cut-off point in the measurements taken before and after the manipulation. Not all observations are independent of each other, as for some subjects ...
30 views

### I have numerous sets of values over a time range representing withdrawals per customer. How do I calculate the most representative set from them?

I am new to analysis and I have encountered a problem that I cannot seem to find information to help me. This may be due to not having the knowledge to formulate the question correctly so I will try ...
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### Confidence Level for mean comparison among control and treatment group

I collected data where two players interacted with two choices each, where a 2x2 table resulted when representing the game in strategic form. The 4 outcomes are (A, A) ; (A, B) ; (B, A) ; (B, B). My ...
1 vote
1k views

### How to calculate the mean from bin endpoints and frequencies? [duplicate]

Sometimes data extracted from reports do not have individual values, like 4, 23, 43, but grouped together like this: income level people in this group 10k to 20k 44 20k to 40k 240 40k to 80k 400 ...
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### Fisher Information for frequency estimation under non-circular complex Gaussian noise

Consider a non-circular complex Gaussian noise $v$, which is given as $v = v_r + iv_i$. Here, real and imaginary components are independent and are Normal random variables such as \$v_r \sim \mathcal{N}...
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### Which graph to use for unequal class widths AND huge frequency range

I recently saw a question where they wanted us to plot an appropriate graph for classes of unequal widths, starting from 0. Normally, we'd have used histogram but then the frequencies ranged from 33 ...
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