Questions tagged [group-differences]

Group differences broadly refer to statistics which quantify the differences between two or more subpopulations.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
540 views

Principal component analysis with non-independent observation

I have observations with 6 individual-level characteristics from 2000 units in 56 groups (villages). I know that within groups, characteristics are strongly related as individuals influence each other....
0
votes
0answers
10 views

equivalence testing

I'm looking into a data-set with 3 experiments. From experiment 1 I do have 11 samples and for the other two experiments i only have 2 samples (with an high error). I would like to know whether the ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Different results doing mixed effects anova and post hoc tests of simple effects and paired T-test

I have run a mixed effects anova in r to look at the performance differences in two groups (control, patient) in 5 separate conditions. The conditions are my within subject factors. Group is the ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Comparing means between two groups with Chi square distribution

Model fit to covariance matrix produces a chi square measure and associated degrees of freedom. In a Monte Carlo study I have two differently generated replications, say Group 1 and Group 2, and the ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

How to detect calendar effects for stock prices (day-of-week, month, etc.)

This is a python/pandas question just as much as it is a statistical one. How would I go about determining the typical delta for day-of-week and month effects of a given time series? Taking the day-...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Comparing the difference between two mean differences (x1 - y1) vs. (x1 - y2)?

Could I get advice on what statistical test is most appropriate assuming the data conform to assumptions made when running parametric tests. I have conducted a study with 4 conditions (one control, ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

How to measure the effect of users' participation in forums?

My problem is how to measure the effect of a user's participation in forums. I calculate the user's participation as the number of discussions that user posted. My hypothesis that a users' ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Grouping samples by clustering or PCA

If I have 5 binary variables with values for 100 observations to give me a 5x100 matrix. ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Group comparison for small sample with repeated measured data

I have very small dataset. When I conducted rank sum test between the groups (A vs B; A vs C), I found no significant results, but just trends level difference. Is there any alternative statistical ...
0
votes
2answers
17 views

Difference between two groups of people, each person “is” several characteristics

I have two groups of people, A and B (let's say 15 and 25 people). Each person in each group is characterized by a bucket of features (bucket = 6-18 features). Each feature, during qualitative phase ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Comparing sets of noisy discontinuous curves / histograms

I have a dataset composed of measurements of signal intensity along a line; visually they look roughly like the right half of this: Each sample is a discontinuous "curve" composed of roughly 600 ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

ANOVA (assuming different distributions) vs Kruskall-Wallis and post-hoc tests

During stats courses on Uni I learnt (if I remember correctly and hopefully don't put my teachers to shame) that if you want to compare multiple groups with eachother you look at the residuals of an ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How to compare ranked data?

I have some questions about how to analyze ranked data. The data looks like this: 4 groups of people with HIV and 16 other groups of people living in the same village were asked to rank 12 ...
12
votes
3answers
7k views

Comparison of ranked lists

Suppose that two groups, comprising $n_1$ and $n_2$ each rank a set of 25 items from most to least important. What are the best ways to compare these rankings? Clearly, it is possible to do 25 Mann-...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How to interpret the difference in topic proportion (theta / document-topic-probability) of two groups?

I am comparing the difference in mean topic proportion (theta / document-topic-probability) of two groups. How can I interpret whether the differences are small or large, as topic proportions depend ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

What is this specific statistical approach/term called?

I need help in identifying the underlining statistical term of my method (deviation of group membership of a Person to an ideal role) So I have Ideal values (for the ideal role) shown here in the 1st ...
1
vote
0answers
210 views

How to find groups in data, characterized by the most different behavior in alcohol consumption?

I've got a question concerning the Student Alcohol Consumption dataset from the UCI Repository. Please, help me understand which methods or models, preferably using Python and sklearn , to use to ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Statistically comparing 3 groups - Test for statistical difference [duplicate]

I will like to perform and statistical comparison between 3 groups, in order to determine if statistically they are different or not. My data for all of the 3 groups follows a normal distribution. I ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Statistical test for significance on difference in scoring values on ordinal scale between two groups

Statistical test for significance of the difference in scoring values on an ordinal scale between two groups. Respondents were asked how worried they are about something on a scale between 1 (least ...
0
votes
1answer
259 views

How to quantify the similarity/difference between groups of selected features?

Since I have a imbalanced data to deal with, I randomly down-sample the negative data to reach balanced data for following feature selection and classification. To test feature's robustness to ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Comparing heteroscedastic groups with sample sizes from 1 to 24… No valid tests?

I'm comparing 1 continuous variable across 36 groups (nurses grouped into 36 hospital units). Several groups have only 1 observation, but most have more, ranging from 1-24 observations per group. ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Single Group Pre-Post McNemar Table Set Up

I am looking to evaluate if the change in proportion for a group changed pre-to-post intervention. Essentially, is the ~7% increase from pre (~2%) to post (~9%) significant. I am running the McNemar ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Is it valid to do a mixed ANOVA with one within and one between subjects factor when the between subjects grouping factor has very unequal groups?

I am doing a mixed ANOVA in SPSS where I am currently comparing the duration of certain script handwriting in 2 conditions (1=eyes open and 2=eyes closed) for the same 40 participants in both ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Repeated measures with rotation of subjects within groups

I was wondering if you could help with the interpretation of a potential experimental design. We are testing two versions of a 'group' exam, score (out of 100) being the outcome variable, aggregated ...
0
votes
1answer
409 views

Comparing multiple likert items across two groups - is the MANOVA appropriate?

I would love to compare 9 multinomial (4 point likert) and 2 binomial (yes/no) measures across two independent groups but I am not sure what test is most appropriate. Treating the group as the ...
2
votes
1answer
366 views

Statistical differences between two hourly patterns

I have 2 groups of subjects, namely: Subjects that are younger than 67 Subjects that are older than 67 Each subject of each group wears a sensor that estimate the metabolic equivalent of tasks (METs)...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

statistical significance of difference between shares

I am trying to conduct a statistical test of the difference between two shares expressed in percentage points. While I could use a regular t test if the difference was between two means, with shares I ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

How to know if there is a difference between two populations or if some feature has influence on a certain response variable Y?

I have a database about claims at auto insurance. I can do the math and get Frequency, Severity, Sinistrality. I need to know if cars with automatic transmission have a higher propensity to accidents ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Obtaining Mean Differences from DESeq2 Output

I have conducted some analyses using DESeq2 and obtained the output. However, instead of interpreting the effect sizes as log2FoldChanges, we would prefer to obtain a model-based mean difference. I ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Testing if number of observations in experimental conditions is statisically different

I was conducting in experiment in which i sold products on a pay-what-you-want basis in 4 different information conditions. Apart from comparing the average willingness to pay across the 4 different ...
1
vote
1answer
527 views

Difference between regression between groups vs across all subjects (continuum)?

I'd like to understand this better in terms of drawbacks and suitability. For example, if my data includes investigating differences between 2 patient groups and a control group (3 groups in total), ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Statistical test for dependent data- comparing groups of pairs

I have a question about statistical tests for dependent data. This will sound a bit strange/extremely naive but pls bear with me- here is my problem formulation: I have 500 individuals, and I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Testing whether the means within group are different from each other (R)

My Y variable is binary and takes the values 0 and 1. The same applies for the independent variable X. I've been able to create the means within the group, here: ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Test difference of means between subgroups

I have a collection of N samples from which I have computed all pairwise Euclidean distances. The samples can be divided in 3 distinct subgroups. I want to test if the average distance of groups is ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Group comparison for extreme value data: which method is suitable?

I have measured Gaussian curvature data of 3D objects from two different groups, A and B. I would like to find out whether the objects differ in curvature. The distribution of data values for each ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

How can I compare how significant is the difference between three or more distributions of count data?

I am researching whether software developers use different numbers of communication channels when performing different activities. Therefore, I would like to know whether, depending on the activity, ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Group comparison for bivariate distributions

For two groups A and B that consist of n and m individual samples. Each individual sample has a unique 2-dimensional joint probability density functions (PDFs)of two variables. These PDFs are ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

The difference between means in t-test

When the sample size is large, the results tend to be statistically significant even when there is a small difference between the means of two groups. however, sometimes we see the results are not ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Test for difference from 0 for non-normal distribution

I'm using an agent based model to study disease transmission. After the initial outbreak, percentage of population infected decreases to zero. I'm looking for a rigorous way to choose when the % ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Comparison of two groups of time-series

I have time series data collected from two sensors. Suppose that they are microphone recordings from a man and a woman. Each signal, e.g. the one below, is 5000 samples. They don't share some ...
4
votes
3answers
76 views

Mixed models. Random slopes only, mean and group centering?

Are random intercepts a theoretical/practical prerequisite to random slopes? Why? I have a three level (rep measures) mixed model where I wouldn't expect lvl 3 variation in initial status of outcome ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Real (not rounded) Lower and Upper limits of groups of frequency distribution and Median for infinitely continuous data

From here on page 5: https://www.pbarrett.net/techpapers/percentiles.pdf So how can both be correct – yet seem to be more appropriate under different conditions? The clue is spread throughout the ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Whether there is significant difference between the slopes of different gender groups

The last question I have posted here: Whether there is significant difference between two gender groups There are 16 people in the dataset(using subjectID to ...
2
votes
1answer
12 views

Test that predicts group membership from multi-variate data?

Context: Zoology undergrad dissertation. The format of my results will be % time individual birds spent doing certain activities (and possibly number of times an activity such as pecking was performed)...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Whether there is significant difference between two gender groups

A data set contains 5 columns: There are 16 people in the dataset(using subjectID to identify them). Each year, when these people were ages 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15, they provided us a score $y$. We ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Which Test should i run to check if there is any difference between variables?

I am analyzing one data set that contains 200 observations and contains information about two types or murders. It has 49 variables and I am interested in checking whether there is any difference ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Standardized Difference to compare prevalence between 4 groups

In this article, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03610910902859574 Peter Austin describes how to calculate the standardized difference between two groups, pg 1229 and pg 1230. However am ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Effect size on the difference between group differences (ΔA-B vs ΔA-C) using R

I am trying to calculate effect sizes, but all I can find on the web relates only to the effect size of the difference between two groups. What I am interested in, is the effect size of the difference ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

Male-female height difference estimation from thresholds

Introduction. Assume that two populations $A$ and $B$ are distributed with normal distributions $N(\mu_A, \sigma_A^2)$ and $N(\mu_B, \sigma_B^2)$. This is a general problem, but as an example, I will ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

How to estimate the confidence interval of the difference of means?

I have two sets of measurements (repeated measurements of two processes, let's call them $X=\{X_i\}_{0...n}$ and $Y=\{Y_i\}_{0...m}$), and I would like to estimate (with confidence interval) the ...