Questions tagged [jeffreys-prior]

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Jeffreys Prior vs. Empirical Bayesian analysis

I have a small data set, provided at the very end, where I have computed Jeffreys Prior to being a Beta(.5,.5) distribution. I then use this Jeffreys prior to report a 95% posterior credible set, ...
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Jeffreys prior vs. Flat prior on $(\beta,\log\sigma^2)$

I'm reading Bayesian Core, and the authors state that a Jeffreys prior $\pi(\beta,\sigma^2|X)\propto\frac{1}{\sigma^2}$ corresponds to a flat prior on $(\beta,\log\sigma^2)$. Why is this so?
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Example of a uniform prior not being objective

The key feature of a truly objective prior is that it is invariant under change of variables. I understand this concept, however, I'm having a hard time finding a simple 1D or 2D example of when you ...
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Obtaining Jeffreys prior by taking the limit of a particular prior density on $(\mu, \Sigma)$

Text: Bayesian Data Analysis 3E by Gelman, section 3.6 Let $y | \mu, \Sigma \sim \text{MVN}(\mu, \Sigma),$ where $\mu$ is a column vector of length $d$ $\Sigma$ is a $d \times d$ symmetric, ...
45 views

What is the limit of this expression?

If $\det(\Lambda_0) \to 0$, what does $$\exp\left(-\frac{1}{2}\text{trace}\left(\Lambda_0 \Sigma^{-1}\right)\right)\det\left(\Lambda_0\right)^{-1/2}$$ approach? I was trying to answer the ...
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What's the intuition for a Beta Distribution with alpha and / or beta less than 1?

I am curious for myself, but also trying to explain this to others. The beta distribution is often used as a Bayesian conjugate prior for a binomial likelihood. It is often explained with the example ...
1k views

When using Jeffrey's prior for Normal model, what is $p_J(\theta, \sigma^{2} | y_{1}, …, y_{n})$ supposed to be?

I'm reading A First Course in Bayesian Statistical Methods by P. Hoff where he is using Jeffrey's prior (J) and Unit information prior (U) for Normal model. For example we can derive Jeffrey's prior ...
11k views

Jeffreys Prior for normal distribution with unknown mean and variance

I am reading up on prior distributions and I calculated Jeffreys prior for a sample of normally distributed random variables with unknown mean and unknown variance. According to my calculations, the ...
142 views

Distribution for which the Jeffreys prior is Gaussian, log-normal, or exponential?

To be clear, I'm not looking for the Jeffreys prior on parameters of Gaussian, log-normal, or exponential distributions. I am, instead, looking for a probability distribution, which has one or ...
549 views

Proof question about Jeffreys' prior & normal distribution [closed]

Demonstrate that the Jeffreys' prior for the mean and variance parameters of normally distributed data $x=\{x_1,x_2,x_3,...,x_n\}$ is given by $p(\theta,\phi)\propto \phi^{-3/2}$.
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Jeffreys' prior on variance

Jeffreys' prior on variance (var.), although uninformative, is not flat, but it is equivalent to assuming that the logarithm of the variance is uniformly distributed on the real line. So: A) how I ...
238 views

Jeffreys's prior for negative binomial regresion

For a negative biomial model, where $Y_i \sim \text{NegBin}(\mu_i, \kappa)$ $$\mu_i:=\log EY_i = \mathbf{x_i} \mathbf{\beta} + \log t_i,$$ is the form of Jeffreys's prior known/published in some way ...
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Compute $\pi(H_0|x)$ with Jeffreys prior for a family $N(\theta,1)$

Given a random sample $x = (x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ taken from a family $\{N(x|\theta,1):\theta \in \mathbb{R}\}$. And consider the hypothesis test: $H_0: \theta = 0$ vs $H_1: \theta \in \mathbb{R}$ (this ...
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Equivalance of reference prior and Jeffreys prior for $d = 1$

There are a number of sources that mention that the reference prior is equivalent to Jeffreys prior for $d = 1$ (see e.g. https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~jordan/courses/260-spring10/lectures/...
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Jeffreys' prior for Beta distribution

If my likelihood has the form of a beta distribution, and I want to use Jeffreys' prior for its parameters, what is form of the prior? For some distributions its pretty straight forward to calculate. ...