# Questions tagged [likert]

Classically, a Likert scale was composed of the sum of many Likert items (ordinal ratings of the amount of agreement with a statement), where all the items were equally valid. Today the term sometimes is used synonymously with 'ordinal rating scale' (which may be based on only 1 item).

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### Can the Mann-Whitney test be used to analyze two different Likert scale questions answered by the same users?

Can the Mann-Whitney test be used to analyze two different Likert scale questions answered by the same users before and after an experiment? For example, question 1 is asked before doing an experiment ...
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### How should I best visualize my survey data?

I've conducted a Likert-style survey with $45$ questions in which $15$ people participated. Each question was repeated six times, so I have six answers from every participant for every question. All ...
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1 vote
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### Compare subgroups on before and after intervention

Assume the following research experience. A group of researchers went to a school. On the first day, they gave a questionnaire about a topic for the students to fill. The next day, the researchers ...
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### Comparing the rank sums of two different ordinal variables with different points (Likert scale) in two groups?

I have two different variables (both use Likert scales) in two groups. One variable has a four points scale and the other has five point scale. I assume that I can use the Mann–Whitney–Wilcoxon-test (...
27 views

### Confidence Intervals for Likert Items

Background As part of a community survey looking into environmental habits, I have 22 Likert Scale questions each with six Likert items. As for the sample size, we have over 65 responses to each ...
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1 vote
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### Polynomial Regression sensible in case with 6 cross-sectional points of experience?

I have a dataset of 300 cases of police students, spread over 6 semesters. They all filled out a survey at the same time (cross section), thus their experience is interval scaled since semester 1 ...
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1 vote
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### In factor analysis, can we guide the model to learn the latent variables?

I'm analyzing a survey result, which has 50 survey questions in Likert scale of 1-5 and the binary answer of satisfied or not as the target. I'm thinking of applying factor analysis for dimension ...
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1 vote
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### Normalize discrete data on a scale from 0 to 10

I know this subject must have been treated already but I can't figure out how to deal with my problem on an example different from my situation : I measured pain on different location with a Likert ...
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1 vote
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### Is Wilcoxon signed-rank suitable to test mean differences between two different, ordinal, variables?

My data consists of 10 perceived risks and 10 perceived benefits, measured on a Likert agreement scale. I would like to test if the means are statistically different. It is a single sample, evaluating ...
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1 vote
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### What test should I use for a unipolar ordinal rating-scale?

I am trying to analyze answers to 5-point unipolar rating items. The possible answers can for instance be: Not at all difficult, Slightly difficult, Moderately difficult, Very difficult, or Extremely ...
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### SPSS Statistics HELP - Likert data

I have a cross sectional sample of around 300 respondents. The sample collects data on individuals living with a certain mental health disorder. The variables are as follows: Continuous dependent ...
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### Comparing the results of the same questionnaire in two different scenarios with the same sample-

I have a questionnaire with 23 questions (Likert scale between 1 to 5) to measure the empathy of an artificial agent. I did an experiment with 2 different artificial agents with a sample of 15 people. ...
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### Likert Scale for 5 independent variables, one yes/no question for dependent variable

I'm seeking to find out whether certain variables (5, total) influence individuals' decision/intention to invest for their own retirement. Whether they already do invest or plan to doesn't matter -- I ...
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### How should I visualize my data?

I've conducted a survey of 20 questions using a 5-item Likert scale in which 10 people participated. In each question, the participants were presented with two versions of a picture and asked to pick ...
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### How many times should construct validity undertaken?

When we have done empirical validity such as construct validity of scale items and we have obtain the valid instrument, could we test it again perhaps once or twice on other samples? Perhaps there are ...
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### Log transformation to Likert scale measures

If this has been answered elsewhere, or if questions like these are not appropriate here, then apologies in advance. Conducting some exploratory analysis for a survey study, where the aim is to ...
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### Correlation test between the summed up scores of a multi-item Likert Scale and the summed up scores of a repeated single-item Likert Scale

For my Master’s Thesis, I used a 10 items-Likert Scale of 6 points to measure attitude (1 = strongly disagree, 6 = strongly agree). I also measured three other variables concerning the manipulation (...
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### Analyzing my Likert-scale data

I'm planning on conducting a visual perception study in which 10 participants are each presented with 40 stimuli images; each stimulus has two target areas and the question is what target area is ...
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### Comparing before and after survey using Likert Scale

We are trying to measure if there is a difference on the level of interests of participants before and after I let them play a game. The survey is in the form of Likert Scale where ...
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### Analysing Likert scale responses

I have a dataset consisting of Learner's response for Likert scale questions. The data consists of questions from different courses, therefore not all questions belonging to any particular group. ...
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### Combining ordinal variables and what statistical test to use

I have heard a lot of different opinions on this matter, which led to some confusion on my side. I have ordinal data that was captured in a survey with a 5-point Likert scale (Strongly disagree, ...
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### How to prepare constructs for inputting in a deicion tree from likert scale items

I have to use 5 variables in my decision tree as predictor variables. Each variable is an average score of Likert scale items as follows: Self-control is a construct of 10 variables. Each of these 10 ...
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### Chi square for three categorical variables

Can I use chi square test with three variables ? The variables are organizational climate (11 dimensions), job satisfaction (7 dimensions) and customer satisfaction (5 dimensions). Likert scale. any ...
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### How to convert percentage values from 7 point scale to 5 point scale?

Suppose in one year I had a survey with 7-point scale and the values are like ...
1 vote
123 views

### Ordinal logistic regression with interaction

I have a dependent variable donation intention on a 7-point likert scale(1=totally disagree, 7= totally agree), an independent variable which is a dummy (0= price is not framed, 1 = price is framed) ...
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### What is the best statistical test for correlation between 2 ordinal variables? [duplicate]

"1st variable is ranking 2nd is Likert scale I am to correlate the motivation scale (Likert) to job preference (ranking)"
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### How should I statistically analyze pre and post test Likert scale data?

So I used a survey, where I had the participants answer 4 Likert-scale questions both before and after a presentation. Ended up with 7 participants total. Since I want to compare their responses pre ...
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### GLMM: X=Non integer warnings for power estimation

For starters I am both new to R and out of practice for statistics. I am going to run an experiment where participants answer a survey every day for a week, and I want to figure out the sample size I ...
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### If we numerically code the categories of an ordinal variable, then can we determine its mean as in Likert scale?

Can anyone clear my doubts about 2 things. Doubt1)A dataset of Ordinal type having 2 modes, then does it mean that such dataset have 2 central locations ? Doubt2)As We know that we can not determine ...
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### Need guidance for comparing dichotomous data and Likert scale data

I am comparing a job satisfaction survey tool and a leadership questionnaire. One has Yes, No, Uncertain answers and the other one is a 5 point Likert scale. What I am specifically trying to do is ...
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### Two problems when transforming different likert scales into one common scale

For a research paper in my masters degree, it is my task to compare patient satisfaction scores for telemedicine across several studies. To compare them I am asked to plot the results on a forest ...
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### Transforming different Likert scales to one common scale

For a research paper in my masters degree, it is my task to compare patient satisfaction scores for telemedicine across several studies. To compare them I am asked to plot the results on a forest ...
83 views

### Repeated measures analysis of Likert-style question

I have a Likert-style survey that includes 2 questions: perceived understanding before an intervention and perceived understanding after the intervention. I would like to use some form of inferential ...
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### Understanding Likert-scale data and calculating composite score

I have conducted a questionnaire without much knowing about Likert. Now I realized that I have both Likert-scale data and Likert-type questions. I think I can look at their descriptive statistics ...
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### How to compare responses of two independent samples of a Likert scale using IRT?

I want to acknowledge that I am very beginner in this topic of Likert scales and Item Response Theory. So, I have responses from two groups to a questionary with 8 items which ordinal responses can ...
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### Can be considered continuous a variable obtained from Principal Component Analysis based on Likert scale?

I performed a PCA analysis on a Likert scale with 5 questions which ordinal responses can be 1,2,3,4,5 and 6 (from strongly disagree to strongly agree). I did it in two independent samples. I obtained ...
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### Levene’s test for unequal sample size

Can I use Levene’s test for unequal or unbalanced sample size (wine samples of Likert 9-point scale)? If NO; which kind of test should I use (Brown–Forsythe Test; Bartlett’s Test; Welch’s T-Test, etc.)...
1 vote
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### How to compare correlations between experimental groups?

I have tested an education intervention and have a control and an experimental group. I have administered a survey and would like to know if the correlations among the survey statements are different ...
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### Likert vs Non-Likert Data

I have several types of data from a recent experiment: Integer-quantized subject test scores from 0 to 30 (gathered with and without the use of an experimental tool) Floating point subject response (...
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### Calculating Cronbach's Alpha for New Study Sample

I have been asked to calculate Cronbach's alpha for the instruments used in a completed study which utilized multiple questionnaires composed of Likert-type questions. These questionnaires are already ...
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### How to compare two personality instruments (short versions vs longer version)

I need to compare two personality instruments (find correlations). One is a short version (less items) and the other is a long version (more items). The items (sentences) in short version are the same ...
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### Statistical test for questionnaire with various components

I was asked to analyze a research questionnaire that consists of a Likert scale, a checklist, and questions with yes, no, and don't know as response, as part of the pilot testing. I was struggling ...
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### Testing the difference in answer on repeated likert-like (11-points scale) question, while accounting for random differences in answers

In my survey I asked participants to provide an answer to a question on a scale [0-10] (of the sort "does A make B better or it makes it worse", where 0 indicates "make worse" and ...
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### What's the problem with using Chi Squared to test association between likert / ordinal data?

I've seen that Chi Squared test won't take into consideration the ranking of ordinal data. I've not seen anything which outlines the risks / potential problems that could arise as a result of ignoring ...
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### Find correlation between dependent ordinal variable and multiple independent ordinal variables

I have a dataset where 5000 people were asked what their level of trust in company x was (options were: "Trusts a lot", "Trusts little", "Neutral", "Distrusts a ...
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### Which statistical test to use? (Repeated measure, ordinal DV)

I ran a pilot study and now that I have the data, I've become confused on how to analyze it. Participants were simply given a list of ~50 behaviours and asked to rate on a Likert scale (1-9): ...
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### Likert Scales and summed scores

I cannot seem to find consensus on the following so hopefully someone can shed some light on it. I have 5-point Likert scale Strongly Agree, Agree, Neither Agree nor disagree, disagree, strongly ...
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### Non appearance of particular responses on likert scale and the aftermath

I have got a dataset of 18 variables all containing likert data, recoded in 5 points scale. There are no missing values and in 3 of the variables one particular response did not appear (No one ...
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### Preparing Likert Data for CFA

I've been running a CFA on Likert scale data that averages the responses for each item, and I've been thinking that if I could possibly run the analysis without averaging the responses, it might ...
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### Appropriate test to test for difference in mean (Likert scale)

I want to find out whether the mean of a certain variable (rating on a 5-point Likert scale) significantly differs from the midpoint of the scale, i.e. 3. My sample size is 48. I am wondering whether ...