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Questions tagged [likert]

Classically, a Likert scale was composed of the sum of many Likert items (ordinal ratings of the amount of agreement with a statement), where all the items were equally valid. Today the term sometimes is used synonymously with 'ordinal rating scale' (which may be based on only 1 item).

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What are the best books about human rating and feedback systems?

I'm studying evaluation data collection and rating evaluation of LLM models using platforms of human raters like Surge or Scale AI. I'm also studying how we can use survey methods of users of LLMs to ...
Estimate the estimators's user avatar
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9 views

Per-Item inter rater reliability with multiple values and raters

I am trying to find the best statistical calculation to measure the agreement between 72 different raters on one item. My goal is to convey in a statistic how spread the raters are on their rating and ...
Jaromando's user avatar
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27 views

Queries on structural equation model

Can the outcome / dependent variable be made of only one or two items? Can I merge different scale items say a 5 point & a 7 point likert into a single latent construct? Also I have a behavioral ...
Leadership excellence 's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
46 views

Can I analyse the separate items of my multi-item scale?

Can I analyse my likert scale items individually? What i mean is: I have a question with 5 statements (all on 5-point likert scale): "I feel sad", "I feel concerned", "I feel ...
Rashmi's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
62 views

Comparison of proportions within one group but between two different questions: One-sample or two-sample z-test?

I have 300 participants who answered several questions in a questionnaire on a five-point Likert scale. I want to compare the proportion of the answers of either 1 or 2 with the proportion of the ...
Björn Stannerman's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
67 views

Likert scale and sample size

I want to study the satisfaction of a mother receiving paper or website information. I will have at least 5 questions, with Likert scale (5 points) each time. For the sample size: Should I calculate ...
F cachat's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
85 views

Comparing matched pre-post likert scale data (n = 40)

I have pre-post matched likert scale data (~20 questions) that I need to analyze. 1) What is the best way to analyze these data? I initially thought it would be ok to use means and do a paired ...
LIz's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
38 views

Working with Value Labels and numerical values in SPSS to create meaningful regressions [closed]

I am writing my master thesis on the effect of AI surveillance on the relationship between locations and the user perception of safety and privacy. I created a survey that asked respondents safe and ...
Anne Beek's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
24 views

Finding which variable is most associated?

I have a set of data relating to a personality construct - (popularity), I have asked participants to give an overall score for personality and then asked them to give scores for other personal ...
MollyJ's user avatar
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36 views

Which Analysis to Use for 2 Likert Scale Questionnaire Groups With Multiple Responses

I have a data set that I acquired through running a questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of participants having to rate 80 different phrases using a 5-point Likert scale; ranging from Strongly ...
Barry's user avatar
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0 answers
33 views

Interpretation of negative coefficients in ordinal regression in spss

I have built an ordinal regression (logit) in the spss for data in the likert scales. I put the independent variables into factors, not covariates. As far as I understand, this should be done with ...
TylerJ's user avatar
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1 answer
69 views

Regression for Likert scale SPSS

I have taken a survey. Dependent variable is on Likert scale (1-5). Independent variables are also on Likert scale 1-5. What kind of regression should i better use? I thought about multinomial (or ...
TylerJ's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
51 views

PCA with correlated variables

I'm analyzing data from around 10 survey questions focused on regulatory issues. I've noticed these questions are highly correlated (of course since they are all about regulation), and I'm concerned ...
chunguc1004's user avatar
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0 answers
23 views

Likert scale study - ordinal regression model

My linguistics rating experiment contains 36 stimuli in total for rating. There are 6 themes (e.g. doctor, farm, etc), and each theme has 3 conditions (good, bad, mixed), and each condition has 2 ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

I would like to perform a Kruskal-Wallis test in Jamovi [closed]

My problem is that I have data of sexual assertiveness (7 point Likert-scale, SAQ) and relationship satisfaction (5 point Likert-scale, RAS) but I would like to divide the sexual assertiveness ...
mse25's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
81 views

Ordinary Linear Regression with One Independent Variable

I am currently undertaking a project where I aim to explore the relationship between a single independent variable and a dependent variable. I have five questions that are answered on a 5-Point Likert ...
NutellaMonster's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
548 views

How do I compare the results between two different Likert Scales questionnaires?

For my dissertation, I am currently evaluating pharmacy students' perception on two distinct academic electronic health record systems - A and B. The students were asked to identify how much they ...
Nathan's user avatar
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1 answer
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Categorizing responses on a likert-type scale for use in ordinal regression

I have a dataset mostly consisting of single items and I have been analyzing them with ordinal regression and other ordinal analyses. However, I also have a likert-type scale and in theory I would ...
Conrad Baldner's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
93 views

Hypothesis testing of categorical variable

I have extracted data from a questionnaire about factors influencing employability of young graduates. The questionnaire was answered by students in my class, so I extracted their age, major, and ...
HellBoy's user avatar
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1 answer
119 views

Hierarchical cluster analysis with likert scale ordinal variables

I have a small dataset of 134 observations. The dataset consists of answers to a questionnaire. All the variables are measured in Likert-scale, ranging from 1 to 5 (strongly agree). I want to perform ...
Lasse H's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
16 views

Tests for Likert scale in spss

This is my first time working with a Likert scale and I need help with choosing a proper test in SPSS. I have a Likert statements and want to see if there differences (and if yes what were the ...
user404992's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
76 views

What analysis to use for one quantitative independent variable and multiple quantitative dependent variables?

My data is based on survey responses. The independent variable is aggregated based on three Likert questions between rated $1$ to $5$ (IV sums these three and divides by $3$). The four dependent ...
Patrick Kielly's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
72 views

Comparing two groups' answers to 10 Likert questions

I’m having two different groups complete the same survey (they differ in terms of their profession) consisting of 10, 5-point Likert style questions asking how much they agree or disagree that a given ...
MSHRPsy's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
82 views

How should I analyze my Likert scale data?

I am a high schooler conducting a survey on a group of 20 other high schoolers. They will take a 10 item pretest questionnaire containing 9 5-point Likert scale questions and 1 short-answer response ...
windlevane's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
179 views

Can we use a likert scale of 0 to 5 for SEM analysis?

I am learning to do SEM analysis and have finished the data collection. In my questionnaire I have scales measured from $0$ to $5$ which measure emotions ($0$ = not feeling it at all to $5$ feeling it ...
Riri Rustam's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

How to identify statistical significance in a difference between means of grouped survey questions

I'm looking at some survey data where the questions were on a Likert scale. For each question I get what percentage respond positive/neutral/negative. There are on the order of 30,000 survey ...
jerH's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
63 views

Effect of two independent variables on a dependent variable, each containing several factors in Likert scale form

For example, the first independent variable consists of 30 factors, the second independent variable consists of 21 factors, and the dependent variable consists of 21 factors. There are four options ...
wawar's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
29 views

What statistical test should I use to assess changes in Likert scale over 3 points in time?

I had a group of participants that provided responses to a 7-point Likert scale question at 3 points in time (baseline, immediately after a course, and 1 year after the course). What statistical test ...
Shane's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
192 views

Multiple linear regression homoscedasticity/linearity

My question is about the implications of the violation of homoscedasticity/linearity for multiple linear regression. I have tried to find the answer in multiple sources but could not figure it out. I ...
Morin's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
12 views

Statistical test for Likert scale perceptions of application of a HR development model to dental restorative specialty training

I'd be most grateful for some advice about suitable statistical testing for a research project. It's a survey questionnaire to restorative specialty trainees and alumni trainees exploring the ...
Temi Ajimoko's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
68 views

Item response theory has "graded" models for Likert items. Is there an IRT model for if some items that are "Likert" and some that are "binary"?

Item Response Theory is most conventionally applied to binary data, but can also be applied to Likert data with "graded" models. But what if you have data that is a mixture of both Likert ...
JElder's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
29 views

How to model observation error of multiple entries on a single Likert-type item?

This is a hypothetical problem for me at the moment because (1) I have no such data and (2) often software provides a forced choice in these cases so I doubt it would be a problem if I conducted a ...
Galen's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
425 views

Hypotheses Testing - Correlation vs. Regression

I conducted a survey for my thesis and would like to begin with the hypotheses testing now. However, I am not sure what the correct process is - sorry if these are really basic questions! Specifically,...
ber1495's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
12 views

Is it possible to perform regression analysis and regression analysis (using PROCESS in SPSS)?

I have a dependent variable and independent variable in 7-point Likert scale. And the mediator in 11-point Likert scale. Can I perform statistical analysis in SPSS in this case, and what should I do ...
Alessandro Recchia's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
90 views

Which is the best correlation test for variables on the Likert scale?

Which is the best test for testing correlation between a 5 Likert scale (50 questions neuroticism scale) and one 4 Likert scale (16 question burnout scale) ?
Paul's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
66 views

Validity of Wilcoxon Signed Rank or Spearman for 2 Likert Scales

I am working on my MSc dissertation findings and I have data results from two 5-Point Likert scales. One Likert measured self-assessed behaviour, whilst the other measured attitude. (Both scales were ...
YasG's user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
22 views

Likert data analysis and statistical tests

I have likert data from 657 respondents where i have asked them to rate whether a condition has affected their career progression. I have 6 different conditions and they can have up to 4 of them. I ...
Rachael Major's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
77 views

likert scales analysis - testing age+sex and each question at the time

This is the first time I conducted survey and I am having trouble deciding on the right analysis to apply. It is an exploratory survey, aiming to test visitors' motivation to protect wildlife vs ...
Sofia's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
21 views

Un-binning/Upsampling Ordinal Year-Bins into Individual Years for Random Forest Likert Analysis?

Question: Is it "quantitatively sound" to decompose/upsample year-bins (e.g., 2002-2006) into the component years when analyzing Likert Score data that was collected as a recollection of ...
stevelom's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
170 views

Comparing 2 Likert Scales for 1 Population

I have two 5-point Likert scales (Strongly Disagree to Strongly Agree) and I want to compare the results within one population sample. I expect participants to choose 'agree' or 'strongly agree' on ...
YasG's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
11 views

Comparing two identical surveys from 2019 and 2023. Each question has multiple items including "don't know"

I have this dataset made up of several questions, each with ordinal answers (likert-like) which unfortunately include a "don't know" option. The dataset is split in two: one portion from ...
wuhwuh12's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
24 views

Help deciding on a statistical test to analyze results of a survey

I created a survey to measure student perspectives on different subjects in Higher Education. In the survey, the students are asked what subjects they have experience with, and they will only be asked ...
Joseph Kim's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
91 views

How to proceed with likert scale items when "Not Applicable" is another option with 5 point likert scale?

I would like to find out if there is any impact of social media on the creation of entrepreneurial opportunities for entrepreneurs. I have two groups (Online Business and traditional Business) and 20 ...
Aydan Pakta's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
138 views

Can I trust the results of a t test on 4 point Likert scale data which hides outliers?

I want to use an unpaired two-sample t-test of random samples of $n=40$ each. The sample data is from 4-point Likert scale assessments. I understand the t-test is not very robust to outliers, which I ...
Ranfurley's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
39 views

How should I analyse my ordinal data when there is a between-groups design?

I have asked listeners to rate some voices on 10 different questions. There were 2 groups of listeners. Group 1 had Set A of questions whereas Group 2 had Set B. Listeners responded on a Likert scale ...
Alice P's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
429 views

If my sample size is large, is it ok to conduct a linear regression with a 7-point Likert item as a dependent variable?

Imagine that I have one variable from a 7-point Likert item, and my predictor is a categorical variable with three levels. Imagine that my sample size is 100. Can I run a linear regression lm(...
Olivia's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
101 views

Randomization of questions in an online survey

I want to run an online survey about people's preferences for environmental policies in different economic sectors using a Likert-type scale (strongly disagree, disagree, etc.). I have 4 sectors and 4 ...
olbap79's user avatar
  • 55
2 votes
1 answer
56 views

Which statistical test should I use to compare two groups where their opinions are collected by using Likert Scale?

I want to find out a solution to the following question: "Is there is any impact of social media on the creation of entrepreneurial opportunity for rural women?" I have 2 groups: Online ...
Amima Najnin  Maria's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
103 views

Seeking suggestions for a non-parametric version of two-way ANOVA/multi-variable MANOVA with repeated measures

I've been reading around this and keep coming up short so I'm hopeful there's an easy test for this. I am measuring the differences (on a Likert scale) between matched (paired) pre- and post-lesson ...
MBVZ's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
9 views

Whether asking questions using rating scores constitutes a likert scale or interval data

Consider the following item: 3.1 Resources and expertise availability 4 – High availability of resources and expertise 3 – Moderate availability of resources and expertise 2 – Low availability of ...
wgc1976's user avatar
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