Questions tagged [likert]

Classically, a Likert scale was composed of the sum of many Likert items (ordinal ratings of the amount of agreement with a statement), where all the items were equally valid. Today the term sometimes is used synonymously with 'ordinal rating scale' (which may be based on only 1 item).

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7 views

Evaluating two 5 scale likert-scale data sets with different amount of questions

Can you correlate two data sets using 5 point likert scale questions that happen to have a different number of questions (one has 13, and the other 14)? The numbers I currently have are the overall ...
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32 views

Mapping Likert Scale Options to Numbers

I have a data set which is based on 5-point Likert scale. The options are in either [Strongly disagree, ..., Strongly agree] or [Never, ..., Very frequently]. Now I want to map the responses to ...
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Correlation between Likert scale and four-categorical nominal scale [duplicate]

I'm measuring a four-categorical nominal variable (attachment style) and another variable in Likert scale (narcissism). How can I find whether there is any correlation between any of the attachment ...
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Compare responses of two groups of their responses to how they rate their preference

Two groups of respondents where asked to rate their concern on 1-10 Likert scale (which effectively means ranked responses). In effect, for each groups, I have a number of respondents who ranked their ...
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Reference thesis for outliers in likert scale data

I have a data set that was collected in form of a liker scale through questioners. Now, i am trying to eliminate or identify outliers in my data. By far, from all that i have been able to search, ...
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51 views

Weighting in Likert Scale results

I have referred to similar questions on this topic, but the problem presented then was not quite in line with my research, so I have created a new question. My research is the following: I have ...
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1answer
45 views

What to do when assumptions of both ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis are violated?

I am trying to analyse whether three groups (samples sizes 27, 26 and 23) differ in their responses to 20 questionnaire items, each measured using a 5-point likert scale. The items are all ...
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1answer
51 views

Significance analysis for multiple classes of stimulus with different items per class

I have some data where participants watched some clips and evaluated them. All participants watched all the clips (within-subjects experiment). There are 3 categories of clips: positive, neutral and ...
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1answer
36 views

How to simulate data matrix based on 5-point Likert response in R

I need your help. Could someone tell me how to simulate matrix data based on Likert-scale response (5-point Likert scale – 1-Extremely Unhappy, 2-Unhappy,3-Neutral,4-Happy,5-Extremely Happy). I need ...
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42 views

Multivariate test for likert scale data in r programming

I have a data of likert scale type, collected to know the 'level of awareness of individuals' about various investment options. I want to check if there is significant difference in level of ...
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Statistically Analyzing Numerical Rating Scale

I'm creating a survey to administer to food inspectors n=30 for an internship project. I want to find their opinions related to food truck and restaurant food poisoning topics and see if their ...
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1answer
11 views

When to Throw out a Respondent (Likert data)

I have a dataset of Likert-type responses, with a few nonresponses throughout. However, one respondent only answered half of the items (basically stopping halfway through). Should a respondent like ...
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1answer
67 views

Using Chi-Square-Test for single item likert type hypothesis testing?

I conducted a Survey to find reasons why firms invest in a specific asset. I asked them in a Likert-question if different aspects are a reason to invest in [asset]. The Response for each aspect can be:...
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38 views

Multiple Imputation (Mice) with Likert Scale + requirements for the imputation

My dataset consists of 8 questionnaires with around 100 items. All items are answered on likert scales (i e. 5 points or 8 points). I got 95 Observations (N=95). For some items there are missing ...
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1answer
56 views

Doubt about Likert scale

I know from a previous question that I can use zero in a Likert scale, e.g., 0, 1, 2, 3. I was wondering, is there any reason I should not use a scale like: 0, 1, 2, 4.
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Demonstrating agreement on a Likert scale question in a single population

I have one population of people to whom I am asking one Likert scale question (1 = strongly disagree; 5 = strongly agree). I want to demonstrate that people mostly agree with the statement being ...
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1answer
44 views

Should subscales be analyzed separately under the IRT Graded Response model?

Suppose I have a Likert scale type questionnaire that assesses the amount of social support a patient receives. The questionnaire is divided into four subscales that measure: Emotional support ...
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How to analyze difference in answers between groups across multiple Likert questions? Categorical PCA and Chi Sq?

I'm analyzing this dataset from UCI ML Repo. It's on the perception of Wikipedia amongst university professors/instructors. I'm looking to test the differences between departments in their answers to ...
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How can Item Response Theory be used to remove questions asked in a customer satisfaction survey?

I have results from a survey of around 30 Likert-style questions that are asked of customers on their opinion about company X. Each of the 30 questions belongs to a certain category. For example, ...
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1answer
37 views

How do I analyze the correlation between Likert Scales? [duplicate]

I have 7 different Likert Scales each consisting of 4 Likert items. In other words, I have 7 variables (Likert scales) and 28 Likert items (questions). I tested for reliability using cronbach's aplha ...
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1answer
53 views

Hypothesis testing - Which stat test to use with multiple choices (with both single and multiple responses)

I'm writing my master thesis but I have some problems with the analysis of the data collected using an online survey. The aim of the research is to assess if there are differences between two groups ...
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14 views

Does a Likert Scale have to be 5-point?

In one comment to a question on Likert Scales, it was stated by a contributor that "By definition, Likert scales are 5-point, ordinal, agree-disagree questions" (4-point Likert scale). I have read a ...
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1answer
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Chronbach's Alpha of Likert Item

My questionnaire is consists of ten 5-point scaled likert items. If the likert items have a good chronbach alpha, is it ok to take the average score of 10 items?
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80 views

t-test for binary dependent variable?

I am analyzing an experiment with a binary dependent variable (choice of the subjects). Afterward, subjects reported some measures on 5-point Likert scales. How do I test whether those measures ...
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87 views

How can Factor Analysis be used to remove questions from a survey?

Suppose I have a psychological questionnaire asking 30 questions about a person's mental health (on a Likert-scale 1-7). These 30 questions fall into 7 separate, but correlated categories. The ...
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Interesting and unusual dependent variable--how do you think it should be handled?

We have 2 dependent measures, which are both distributed from -4 to +4 in discrete steps. This is because the values are based on people's responses to four questions about whether they spend more ...
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1answer
28 views

Multiple regression with a odd-numbered Likert items

In the questionnaire, individuals were asked to pick from an odd number of options (5 or 7) how much they agree with the statement (from completely agree to completely disagree). Now, if there where ...
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Testing participants responses to different types of service provision

I have a group of survey participants who have rated their experience of three different types of service provider (health, charity, local government). The scale runs from never to always. Under each ...
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16 views

Midpoint removal from 5-pt liker scale

I have removed midpoints from a 5-point likert scale instrument on my supervisor's advice. When I did some reliability analyses - SPSS showed that almost half of my cases were excluded. So we ...
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1answer
23 views

Should one hot encoding be done on Likert scale ratings?

This seems like an easy question but I haven't been able to find a definitive source for this or questions that address this topic directly. When applying a classification algorithm, should you apply ...
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10 views

Ways to compare Likert ratings with non-equal total response count

I have Likert response data like this in which the surveyor asked 188 raters to rate on a 1-5 Likert scale for 6 different stories with the question, "I'd like to hear more stories like this". Some of ...
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65 views

Which statistical analysis to use on ordinal questionnaire data?

I would like to analyze data on questionnaire scores on quality of life between two different groups. There are 20 quality of life questions, all with responses on a Likert scale 1-7. So I have an ...
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2answers
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Does the total of ordinal scores on a questionnaire become scale in SPSS?

I have a questionnaire whose data I've inputted into SPSS. I wanted to ask that do the total scores of likert items become scale and no more ordinal?
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Likert scales and Latent variables constraints

I have series of Likert scale questions (1-10) from which I have derived two latent variables using PCA. The Likert scale variables are obviously constrained, in that you can't score above 10 or ...
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What is an appropriate way to re-scale ordinal features, for cluster analysis? AND any thoughts on euclidean-distance for ordinal data?

Background I have data from surveys (on political views from CSES) with answers from respondents in ranking-scales, either 0:10 (0, 1, 2, ..., 10) or 0:3 (0, 1, 2, 3). I want to analyze this data ...
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80 views

Calculating sample size for one 5-point likert item

I am trying to calculate the optimal sample size for a hypothetical experiment with the following: Treatment condition (n TBD) Control condition (n TBD) My dependent variable is an 'intent score' ...
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45 views

Association between an ordinal Likert variable and a nominal variable

I have responses from a 7 point Likert semantic differential scale -let's say from 'Completely Agree' at one end to 'Completely Disagree' to the other- and a nominal/semi-ordinal age groups variable ...
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51 views

How to properly evalulate data from multiple Likert scale surveys for multiple groups

A questionnaire was sent at several times T(1,2,3,4) to 3 groups G(A,B,C). Now, for each question i would like to find out whether or not: in the course of time the results have changed the results ...
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1answer
32 views

Comparing Likert Data

I have several 5-item likert scales and would like to compare the results between different surveys. Is there any logical way to score the likert results and compare? Averages don't seem to capture ...
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1answer
40 views

Which statistical test should I use - likert scales and multiple categorical groups?

I would like to run a test to see if the difference in scores on a 5-point likert scale (Strongly Disagree to Strongly Agree) is statistically significant between 6 different and distinct groups. I ...
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42 views

Coefficient omega: appropriate extraction of factors

I use omega_hiearchical to determine the internal consistency of a scale. If I understood it correctly, it tries to extract three lower level factors by default. But you can specify that you want to ...
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1answer
43 views

Rho Spearman correlation test interpretation for sample equal to population

I have done a pair of cuestionaries to measure a pair of variables in a small population, 87 people, so I have taken the whole population as a sample, the cuestionaries have likert scales as answers (...
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17 views

How to test for differences between groups for ordinal outcome variables in SPSS?

I do not have experience with ordinal data, please help me out with my questions? I have conducted a survey which consists of 25 Likert-items, these items are all statements for certain conditions ...
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1answer
77 views

interrater-reliability with likert-scale and different raters

I am collecting data from a survey that includes a likert scale of 5 points. Each rater answers 18 questions (probably different questions). For each question I will have answers from 10 different ...
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34 views

Ranking on a 3 point scale

Apologies in advance, my background is in CS rather than statistics, so I may use some terms improperly. I have a data set of a few thousand items scored on a 3 point scale, which my research ...
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88 views

Comparing percentages based on likert scale by year

I'm reviewing an analysis someone else has done on some Likert scale data. They've assigned each point on the scale 1-5 (1 = bad, 2 = poor etc.), found the average score in each area, and then ...
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56 views

how to use Likert Scale to prove hypothesis

How to use data collected from likert scale (five point) to prove hypothesis. For example. Hypothesis 1: Internet marketing is cost efficient. Statement 1: internet marketing required less budget. ...
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42 views

Statistical test on likert and ranking data

I have data in which survey participants hand to rank (Rank 1 to 3) three specific products. They also answered some 5 point Likert scale questions (from 1: “Strongly Agree” to 5:“Strongly disagree”) ...
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Correct to evaluate the relation between likert type ratings, response time, and age with repeated measures ANOVA and covariates?

I would like to kindly ask you for your point of view on whether my approach is correct. First I will describe my project, then I will ask a question: I conducted approx. 30 surveys in which 28 to ...
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67 views

What percentage measures are there for 5 item Likert

I have 3 matched pretest/postests sets. Participants sizes in the groups are 4, 8 and 13. My Likert scale has 5 places, and I have 14 valid questions. We are applying for a grant and want to ...