Questions tagged [likert]

Classically, a Likert scale was composed of the sum of many Likert items (ordinal ratings of the amount of agreement with a statement), where all the items were equally valid. Today the term sometimes is used synonymously with 'ordinal rating scale' (which may be based on only 1 item).

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16 views

Statistical test for questionnaire with various components

I was asked to analyze a research questionnaire that consists of a Likert scale, a checklist, and questions with yes, no, and don't know as response, as part of the pilot testing. I was struggling ...
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Testing the difference in answer on repeated likert-like (11-points scale) question, while accounting for random differences in answers

In my survey I asked participants to provide an answer to a question on a scale [0-10] (of the sort "does A make B better or it makes it worse", where 0 indicates "make worse" and ...
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41 views

What's the problem with using Chi Squared to test association between likert / ordinal data?

I've seen that Chi Squared test won't take into consideration the ranking of ordinal data. I've not seen anything which outlines the risks / potential problems that could arise as a result of ignoring ...
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Find correlation between dependent ordinal variable and multiple independent ordinal variables

I have a dataset where 5000 people were asked what their level of trust in company x was (options were: "Trusts a lot", "Trusts little", "Neutral", "Distrusts a ...
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Which statistical test to use? (Repeated measure, ordinal DV)

I ran a pilot study and now that I have the data, I've become confused on how to analyze it. Participants were simply given a list of ~50 behaviours and asked to rate on a Likert scale (1-9): ...
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29 views

Likert Scales and summed scores

I cannot seem to find consensus on the following so hopefully someone can shed some light on it. I have 5-point Likert scale Strongly Agree, Agree, Neither Agree nor disagree, disagree, strongly ...
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Non appearance of particular responses on likert scale and the aftermath

I have got a dataset of 18 variables all containing likert data, recoded in 5 points scale. There are no missing values and in 3 of the variables one particular response did not appear (No one ...
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Preparing Likert Data for CFA

I've been running a CFA on Likert scale data that averages the responses for each item, and I've been thinking that if I could possibly run the analysis without averaging the responses, it might ...
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13 views

Appropriate test to test for difference in mean (Likert scale)

I want to find out whether the mean of a certain variable (rating on a 5-point Likert scale) significantly differs from the midpoint of the scale, i.e. 3. My sample size is 48. I am wondering whether ...
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7 views

Selecting set of stimuli from norming task

I am a complete newbie, so please bear with me. For my dissertation I applied a norming study to validate corpus coding. I designed my experiment following a Latin square. Sixty participants (10 per ...
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9 views

Model for comparing two ordinal dependent variables

I am trying to do a within subjects comparison of two 5-point Likert scale questions and seeing what influences the differences. I have a number of IV's (all categorical) that I used for ordinal ...
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What statistical analysis should I do?in my situation

I have a questionnaire on the experience of teleworking. My independent variables are: gender professional status have you teleworked during the period of confinement. My qualitative dependent ...
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Citing levene's test statistic for 1-way ANOVA with likert-scale variables

I am running a 1-way ANOVA on a set of two variables where the d.v. is a survey output with the satisfaction scale from 1-4 and i.v. is the education level of respondents on a similar 4 category scale....
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Generating Likert-type response: A follow-up

I want to follow up on this great answer. The answer explains in an intuitive way how to generate Likert-type responses for any number of items from N participants ...
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9 views

Visual Analogue Scale, which is not analogue

For my thesis, I have to analyze data that resembles a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Although at first glance it was a VAS, the scale was not analog. The test subjects could only choose between 11 ...
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what are the dependent and independent variables [duplicate]

I am measuring Covid anxiety using likert scale, according to people age, gender, pcr result, and educational level. Which variable can I consider to be dependent and which independent?
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27 views

Analyzing a likert-type item data with repeated measures with logistic ordinal regression

I'm analyzing some Likert-type item for my thesis. After a quick research, I figured out, that instead of using a least-squares regression as conventionally, a logit or probit ordinal regression model ...
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93 views

Analyzing the results of Likert scale with one sample Wilcoxon signed-rank test

I have the results of a questionary with 2 subjects and each of them includes 4 sub-questions in the form of Likert items. The questions are about the impact of a situation on people's lives and the ...
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How would you analyse two likert scales answered by the same people on several occasions?

I don't usually need to use stats in my work so this might seem like a basic question but, to me, it's baffling! I have two questionnaires that I'm giving to the same group of people who are ...
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1answer
60 views

Reporting a median of ordinal data between two values

Say I have a collection of ordinal data, such as that based on a Likert scale. The underlying data might be from a set of the following values: Strongly disagree Disagree Neither agree nor disagree ...
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Can I use an ANOVA to analyse the effects of 2 IVs in 1 DV measured with a Likert Scale?

I am looking into threatened masculinity effects on men’s views of gender inequality in work. I have two independent variables: 1 is personality traits feedback (High femininity score vs High ...
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22 views

Analysing before and after results of likert scale

I am a student with little knowledge on statistics. I ran a between subject experiment with 2 conditions, the control and test condition. In both situations I asked participants a set of 8 questions ...
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1answer
176 views

Using OLS over Logit regression

I was hoping someone could clarify this for me. I have used OLS regressions using the PISA dataset where most of my outcome variables are categorical in nature and measured on 4 point Likert scales, ...
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14 views

How to analyze likert-scale data for Trust in Automation Questionnaire

I am using the Trust in Automation Questionnaire (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/247502831_Foundations_for_an_Empirically_Determined_Scale_of_Trust_in_Automated_Systems) to measure trust ...
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Should I apply Kruskal Wallis test?

I am doing research about the purchasing behaviour of the population. Therefore, on my online survey, I have questions about the effect of the advertisement on social media on behaviour. So, the ...
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Doing correlation test on likert-type scales and time measures

I'm looking for a method of doing correlation test on these two measures: Time to first fixation - time measures of finding an web object Likert-type scales of satisfaction of ease to find. It is ...
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71 views

Is there any harm in modelling Likert scale data using an lmer() model?

I have 140 participants, each making 70 ratings. The DV is a seven-item Likert scale. I've read conflicting things about modeling this sort of data with a plain lmer() model. I'm curious what the ...
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20 views

Lm and likert scales - residual diagnostics

I have been trying to perform a linear regression in R with lmer. The dependent variable is an average between likert scale items (therefore it takes values between 1-7 but not only integers). I am ...
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28 views

R: Residual diagnostics in lmer, how should a plot look for averaged likert type data? [duplicate]

I conducted a within-subjects experiment (200 participants, 2 experimental conditions) and I want to develop a regression model tha predicts my measure value (which is based on averages derived from a ...
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1answer
65 views

What statistical treatment for respondent profile and 5 point likert scale survey question?

What statistical treatment will I use using survey questionnaire with respondent profile and 5 point likert scale?
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K means clustering with survey data [duplicate]

I have a dataset obtained from a survey, where all questions are likert-type, but with different scales (1-5 or 1-2). Is it possible to run k means clustering if I rescale all to 1-6? Additional ...
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Trying to decide if I should use discrete or averaged observations in a correlation

new to stats, but have to do some as part of my MSc. with limited background. I'm attempting to compare two sets of data - both of which are expressing information about the same shared item. Here's ...
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23 views

Random effects structure for nested, repeated measures in clmm?

I'm trying to code a clmm model in R to analyze 1-5 Likert data. Respondents in different cities were asked to take a survey twice: once before a treatment, then again afterwards (Treatment). The ...
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23 views

Statistics for 1-5 scale questions between given stimuli

I want to show statistical significance between three given stimuli, based on their answer to four questions with values 1-5. The questions will be tested separately, and not summed as in a Likert ...
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1answer
66 views

How is correlation done between identified PCA components?

I am very new to statistics on this level (PCA, Correlations etc.). I am currently writing a paper and following the methodology from another journal paper. In the journal paper a PCA is done on a set ...
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29 views

Comparing two participant groups on multiple likert scale response options in exploratory study

Hi I am new to CrossValidate so wanted to thank anyone in advance for contributing and looking at my questions. I am presently reviewing data from an exploratory study where two groups of participants ...
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19 views

Non-parametric testing for three way interaction effects

I'm looking for the appropriate test to perform to determine if there is a three-way interaction effect on my (non-parametric) likert-scale data. My data currently has a dependent variable with values ...
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34 views

Are there technical terms to describe this non-normal distribution?

This question is about visual inspection of normality. An example of my variable is shown below. This is aggregated Likert scale data (n = 2000). By visual inspection, the data has some sort of bell-...
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1answer
32 views

Analysis Course Survey Results

I have data from ~3500 students regarding their experiences taking an online class last year. The class consisted of a unified on-demand component and several sessions on Zoom with instructors. I ...
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27 views

How regression coefficients change when shifting the scale of the response variable

I am running a regression with y: a 7 point index ranging from -3 to 3, x: binary indicator (0,1) of second wave of data collection. When I fit this regression, I get the following equation: ...
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28 views

Kendall's coefficient of concordance

In my study, I am assessing information needs of farmers (n=60). The farmers were asked to respond about the information needs in a 5 point continuum ('not needed' to 'most essential'). I have to ...
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1answer
36 views

Correlation coefficient

Is it necessary to convert the scores of a 5-item Likert scale questionnaire and the scores of a reading comprehension test to z-scores in order to estimate the correlation coefficient (Since their ...
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73 views

Pre/Post Likert survey analysis with combined questions

A bit of context: I know all respondents answers to a pre-and-post survey Each respondent has a unique ID. I can match all respondents pre and post answers. I have only 7 participants. There are 15 ...
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23 views

How to conduct Likert test on this data?

My dataset consists of the following grades: D- D D+ C- C C+ B- B B+ A- A A+ Since I'm conducting regression models, I'd like to make the dataset numerical, thus I assign them interval values such as: ...
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148 views

Assumptions of linearity and homoskedasticity when the DV is a Likert scale - how to interpret the (optimized) residual plots?

I am currently building mixed models for several analyses where each the DV is ordinal, specifically a 7-point Likert scale. Now, I am fully aware of the controversies of using Likert scale as a DV ...
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1answer
108 views

Step-by-step explanation of Likert scale/item statistical analysis?

I am looking for resources (books, online, articles) which have a step-by-step explanation of how to test hypothesis using Likert scale/item data. So far, I've learnt that non-parametric methods are ...
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36 views

What is the appropriate test to analyze likert scale data that have between and within factors? GLMMs or ordinal logistic regressions?

I have a 3 (group) x 2 (timepoint) design. My data are likert scale responses. I also have other covariates (e.g. employment, smoking status, age, married etc) that I would like to include in the ...
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15 views

Is it feasible to interpret dichotomous questions into a 5-point Likert scale?

I have a research survey that is consisted of only dichotomous survey questions. I've thought of trying to interpret them as percentages, but in doing so, I've realized that I'm going to need a scale ...
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431 views

How to measure correlation between multi-item likert scales?

I recently conducted a online survey and are now having trouble deciding for the right analysis method. For example: I wanted to see if there is a correlation between Factor A and Factor B. However in ...
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1answer
36 views

Evaluate the increase of a variable (in Likert scale) for a subgroup of the population in a poll

Let's say we do a poll/survey for $n=250$ people, and we study a variable in a Likert scale with 7 possible values (-3 to +3): ...

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