# Questions tagged [matrix-inverse]

The inverse of a given square matrix, $A$, is the matrix $A^{-1}$ such that $AA^{-1}$ is the identity matrix.

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### How to simplify fallowing martrices' Expected value elements in the equation

I have a matrix equation with four variables inside, $x^1_{00}$, $x^1_{tt}$ and $x^2_{tt}$, $x^2_{tt}$. $x^1_{00}$, $x^1_{tt}$ come from the same distribution , they are only shifted by timelag $t$. ...
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### Distribution of solution to linear system

I have a random symmetric matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{M \times M}$, and random vector $b \in \mathbb{R}^M$. I also have access to expressions for the mean and variance of each element of $A$ and $b$ (...
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### Distribution of matrix products

Let's say I have two random vectors $A, B \in \mathbb{R}^N$ that are distributed approximately normally, with distribution $\mathcal{N}(\mu, \Sigma)$. I then define $\bar{A}$ as being a diagonal ...
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### Correlation matrix with 0 determinant [duplicate]

I am looking at crypto coin price data. I compute the correlation matrix but I am unable to invert due to a zero determinant. I'm not quite sure why this is happening as none of the columns are that ...
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### When is the Optimal weighting matrix in GMM singular?

currently I am trying to estimate a simple linear regression: \begin{equation} y_t = X \beta + \varepsilon_t, \end{equation} where I try to find 4 coefficients and one specific predictor is an ...
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### Squared Multiple Correlation (SMC) of my correlation matrix tend towards 1. How to interpret this?

In order to be able to conduct exploratory factor analysis, I want to carry out parallel analysis to determine the number of factors to be extracted. To do so, I want to extract the eignevalues of the ...
1 vote
342 views

### Upper bound trace of inverse of covariance matrix

Let C be the covariance matrix from any normal distribution. If the trace of C is upper-bounded by a constant k (i.e., tr(C)<=k), can I find an upper bound for the trace of the inverse of C (i.e., ...
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### Incremental solution for matrix inverse using Shermann-Morrison in $O(n^2)$

I have been reading a presentation on Value Function Approximation by David Silver (Introduction to Reinforcement Learning Course). On page 43 he finds a solution for linear least squares for an ...
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### Which is more numerically stable for OLS: pinv vs QR

If I am doing standard OLS and want to calculate beta values (OLS estimators), which of the following is the more numerically stable method? And why? Assuming that the columns of $X$ are already mean-...
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### Use $X^{-1}Y$ instead of $(𝑋^T𝑋)^{−1}𝑋^T Y$ to calculate $\beta$ when $X$ is already a square matrix in the least square problem

In the least squares problem $X\beta = Y$, the solution is $\hat{\beta} = (𝑋^T𝑋)^{−1}𝑋^TY$. I learned that two facts: $𝑋^T𝑋$ is square matrix so that the definition of matrix inversion is ...
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### Proof of Pearson-Aitken selection formula

I am trying to understand the proof of the Pearson-Aitken selection formula, widely used in statistical genetics. A proof that the formula is general is given by Aitken (1936). However, I failed to ...
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### Why the representation in the form of $Z'X(X'X)^{-1}X'Z$ can not be simplified into $Z'Z$

Representation similar to $Z'X(X'X)^{-1}X'Z$ frequently appear to e.g. 2SLS. I think that $Z'X(X'X)^{-1}X'Z = Z'XX^{-1}X'^{-1}X'Z = Z'(XX^{-1})(X'^{-1}X')Z = Z'Z$. So why it seems that in the context ...
1 vote
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### matrix inequality related to finance

I'm trying to show that, for certain investment strategies, it pays to have more precise estimates of the covariance matrix of your returns. I have always took this for granted, but I've been having ...
1 vote
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### How are biases updated when 'batch size' > 1?

This is my network represented in matrices: (a dot represents an arbitrary number) Feed-forwarding: (I omitted nesting it all in an activation function for the sake of brevity) Backpropagation The ...
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### Matrices: system that is "computationally singular" versus "exactly singular" [closed]

I would like to know the mathematical concepts behind singular matrices. Matrices that do not have inverses in R throw one of two errors. I have provided some examples of both errors below: Error in ...
I've been following the CS 229 lecture videos for machine learning, and in lecture 4 (~14:00), Ng explains Newton's Method for optimization to maximize an objective function ($f$), but doesn't clearly ...
Let $X$ be an $D \times N$ matrix. Let $I$ be a $D \times D$ identity matrix. Also let $y$ be a $N \times 1$ column vector. Suppose we are trying to solve $(X X ^T + k I) w = Xy$ for a $D$ dimensional ...