# Questions tagged [maximum-entropy]

maximum entropy or maxent is a statistical principle derived from information theory. Distributions maximizing entropy (under some constraints) are thought to be "maximally uninformative" given the constraints. Maximum entropy can be used for multiple purposes, like choice of prior, choice of sampling model, or design of experiments.

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### Discrete Bayes Net learning under parameter constraints

What is some relevant research available on estimating the parameters of a Bayes Net (with known structure) when there are known constraints on conditional and marginal probabilities? For example, ...
1 vote
493 views

### MaxEnt model vs cross entropy loss

Pardon my ignorance. I am still learning. We try to minimize the cross-entropy loss for best results. However, why should the entropy be high for a MaxEnt model for the model to be good? My ...
1 vote
251 views

### Regularization versus feature reduction in species distribution modeling using Maxent

I am wondering if there is a need to set the beta multiplier in Maxent (species distriubition modeling approach) if one is also reducing features using a contribution threshold. I have seen a number ...
5k views

### Prove that the maximum entropy distribution with a fixed covariance matrix is a Gaussian

I'm trying to get my head around the following proof that the Gaussian has maximum entropy. How does the starred step make sense? A specific covariance only fixes the second moment. What happens to ...
1 vote
50 views

### How can we use shannon entropy to discriminate between two similar probability distribution function?

I studied two papers related to discriminating between two similar distributions using Shannon entropy. But both of them had different views. Can anyone explain what would be the basic flow of idea to ...
284 views

### Choosing "Target Entropy" for Soft-Actor-Critic (SAC) algorithm

I am quite familiar with Soft-Actor-Critic (SAC) and its many applications in continuous control RL environments. However, when implementing this algorithm in a practical setting, one thing that still ...
68k views

### Why is Entropy maximised when the probability distribution is uniform?

I know that entropy is the measure of randomness of a process/variable and it can be defined as follows. for a random variable $X \in$ set $A$ :- $H(X)= \sum_{x_i \in A} -p(x_i) \log (p(x_i))$. In ...
23 views

### Maximum entropy prior for binomial trial, is it 1/(2n+2) and this reasonable?

I am looking into what prior probability should be assigned to an event in a binomial trial that could occur but has not yet occurred after many trials. rephrased, what probability should be assigned ...
21 views

### Differentiating entropy in Reinforcement Learning as Probabilistic Inference

I am studying the paper Reinforcement Learning and Control as Probabilistic Inference: Tutorial and Review (https://arxiv.org/abs/1805.00909) and I do not understand how the author differentiate the ...
95 views

1 vote
151 views

### When is the conditional differential entropy, $h(X+Z_1\mid X+Z_2)$, maximized?

Let $Z_1$ & $Z_2$ be 2 i.i.d. RVs, each distributed according to $N(0,1)$, and let $X$ be an arbitrary RV with unit variance. What distribution of X will maximize this conditional differential ...
657 views

### Is there a relationship between Maximum Likelihood Estimation and the Maximum Entropy Principle?

I know that both techniques can be used to estimate distribution from the data, but I didn't see anything in common between the two and I haven't found anything yet for the internet that relates the ...
32 views

### How to statistically detect a treshold effect over a dependent variable measured repeated times on the same population

I want to identify the level of a predictive variable X (with Gaussian distribution) able to induce a reduction in a variable y (with Poisson distribution), that has been measured over the same ...
812 views

### What does maximizing mutual information do?

In information theory, there is something called the maximum entropy principle. Are other information measures, such as mutual information, also commonly maximized? If mutual information describes the ...
689 views

### Does minimizing KL-divergence result in maximum entropy principle?

The Kullback-Leibler divergence (or relative entropy) is a measure of how a probability distribution differs from another reference probability distribution. I want to know what connection it has to ...
213 views

### Computing the gradient of the log-partition function in a linear-chain conditional random field (CRF) model

Query. When computing the gradient of the log-partition function for an exponential family distribution specified by the linear-chain conditional random field (CRF) model, will unary conditional ...
270 views

### Geometric distribution and entropy

According to wikipedia, among all discrete probability distributions supported on $\{1, 2, 3, ... \}$ with given expected value $\mu$, the geometric distribution X with parameter $p = \frac{1}{ \mu}$ ...
1 vote
58 views

### How to evaluate the likelihood of a conditional MAXENT estimation?

Suppose I have a random variable $Y$ (the outcome) and a set of random variables $\mathbf{X}$ (the input variables). I don't have access to observations of the joint distribution of $P(Y, \mathbf{X})$,...
1 vote
66 views

### What is the maximum entropy joint Bernoulli distribution with fixed covariances and individual means?

We have Bernoulli variables $B_i$ with known means $E(B_i)$ and covariance matrix $\Sigma = (cov(B_i, B_j))$. What joint distribution would have the maximum entropy?
71 views

1 vote