# Questions tagged [offset]

A variable with a fixed coefficient of 1. Offsets are commonly used in Poisson regression to allow the modeling of rates instead of counts.

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### When to use an offset in a Poisson regression?

Does anybody know why offset in a Poisson regression is used? What do you achieve by this?
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### Where does the offset go in Poisson/negative binomial regression? [duplicate]

(First of all, just to confirm, an offset variable functions basically the same way in Poisson and negative binomial regression, right?) Reading about the use of an offset variable, it seems to me ...
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### Using offset in binomial model to account for increased numbers of patients

Two related questions from me. I have a data frame which contains numbers of patients in one column (range 10 - 17 patients) and 0s and 1s showing whether an incident happened that day. I'm using a ...
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### In a Poisson model, what is the difference between using time as a covariate or an offset?

I recently discovered how to model exposures over time using the log of (e.g.) time as an offset in a Poisson regression. I understood that the offset corresponds to having time as covariate with ...
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### Using glm() as substitute for simple chi square test

I am interested in changing the null hypotheses using glm() in R. For example: ...
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### Binary Models (Probit and Logit) with a Logarithmic Offset

Does anyone have a derivation of how an offset works in binary models like probit and logit? In my problem, the follow-up window can vary in length. Suppose patients get a prophylactic shot as ...
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### Should I use an offset for my Poisson GLM?

I am carrying out research to look at differences in fish density and fish species richness when using two different underwater visual census methods. My data was originally count data but then ...
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### Predict GLM poisson with offset

I know this is probably a basic question... But I don't seem to find the answer. I'm fitting a GLM with a Poisson family, and then tried to get a look at the predictions, however the offset does seem ...
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### Modelling count data where offset variable is 0 for some observations

I'm trying to help a student of a colleague. The student observed and counted bird behaviour (number of calls) in an experimental setup. The number of calls attributable to a specific observed bird ...
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### How can Poisson GLM work with non-count data (rate data)? [duplicate]

My question is related, but not the same as the following question: Fitting a Poisson GLM in R - issues with rates vs. counts Here's some fake data: ...
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### Can Weights and Offset lead to similar results in poisson regression?

In "A Practioner's guide to Generalized linear models" in paragraph 1.83 it is stated that: "In the particular case of a Poisson multiplicative GLM it can be shown that modelling claim counts with ...
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### How to formulate the offset of a GLM

I am trying to build a generalized linear model in R for some count data. Basically I have counted the number of animals per unit after having them presented with a treatment (for all units there was ...
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### Interpretation of intercept term in poisson model with offset and covariates

I'm using offset for the first time (as per a recommendation from a colleague) and have a couple questions about interpreting my results. Our ultimate goal is to look at the effect of some population ...
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### Difference between offset and exposure in Poisson Regression

Exposure and offset are two techniques often used in Poisson regressions by actuaries to predict claim frequency . From my understanding, offset and exposure are the same things, so I don't ...
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### Poisson xgboost with exposure

I was trying to model a count dependent variable with uneven exposure. Classical glms would use log(exposure) as offset, also gbm does, but xgboost does not allow for offset until now... Trying to ...
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### When to use offset() in negative binomial/poisson GLMs in R

I'm trying to detect relationships between species abundances (counts) and time (years) for many species using either Negative Binomial or Poisson regressions (depending on degree of dispersion). ...
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### Predicting with GAM, using an offset

I came in a new post because I’m quite confused with the use of an offset in gam() function (mgcv package). I’m actually working on predicting marine top predator’s distribution using aerial surveys (...
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### Is it possible to use two offsets?

I am doing negative binomial linear mixed model using lme4 package in R. My question is whether or not there is a way to put two ...
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### why is XGBoost giving me seriously biased predictions with small nrounds?

I can not put my company data online, but I can provide a reproducible example here. We're modelling Insurance's frequency using Poisson distribution with exposure as offset. Here in this example, ...
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### How to interpret glm and ols with offset

I ran a few glm and linear models with an offset. Each row in the dataset is a healthcare user. The data contains medical payments and icu days of each user between 2000 to 2007. As the number of ...
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### How does Poisson regression (with an offset) relate to Logistic regression?

I have some data I am trying to analyze of how often someone has chosen a given option (which I'll call choice A) vs not choosing it (which I'll call choice B) during a 6 month period. Each subject ...
Given the following generative model $$T | \mathbf{x_i} \sim \operatorname{Exp}(\lambda_i)$$ $$\ln(\lambda_i) = \beta_0 + \beta_1 x_1 + \beta_2 x_2 + \dots$$ That is: I have observations of ...